PUSAKA

June 6, 2017

Philippines Placeholder
Philippines

PUSAKA

About the Implementing organization

Name: Obu Manuvu Tribe

Country: Philippines

Year of establishment: 1998

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Indigenous group or organization

 

Description

"1. Strengthened IP protection and management of local conserved areas or ICCA thru their declared Pusaka;
- the Pusaka (while preparing to do the UNEP-WCMC ICCA Registry and legislation for its support) is their culture and more effective than any conservation treaties as it is their tradition passed down thru generations from their ancestors.

2. Enforcement of IP customary laws on sacred areas and policies for conservation actions
- the policies crafted by the Pusaka Council are based on their realities, ancestor's commitment and honoured by IP leaders, but moreso, the one defying such will be ostracised by the community or, worse, cursed by malevolent spirits. PUSAKA is priceless for the tribe and it is embedded in their system of knowledge, belief and practices unique to the Indigenous Obu Manuvu worldview.

3. Local commitment increased thru conservation incentives and sustainable resource-use partnerships
-84 IP forest guards and 19 Pusaka Council have taken an oath to protect and care for their Pusaka.

The Pusaka initiative also helped get public exposure and commendations. The tribe are now able to speak in forums and conferences that articulate their own brand of conservation. Doing so also made the general society appreciate the indigenous identity and culture of the Obu Manuvu.

The local government, NGOs and the private sector are starting to reciprocate too thru partnerships, incentives and projects in support of the tribe's declaration of Pusaka."

Nature Element

Forests / Mountains / Rivers / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

           

Environmental Impacts

The Pusaka Declaration will protect 13,509 hectares of forests and watersheds. These are wildlife habitat of culturally significant species like the Philippine Eagle, Philippine Brown Deer, Rufous Hornbill and the Almacia tree. The declaration provided a habitat sanctuary for this flagship species for conservation thru time as the Pusaka Council and the IP forest guards will ensure the enforcement of policies and customary laws.

As the IP forest guards continue to do forest patrolling and biodiversity monitoring, together with the PEF team, here are the following results of their efforts:
Philippine Eagle
-One juvenile Eagle (Eagle Licuyan) was tagged on December 6, 2016, and being monitored for habitat and home range study
Rufous Hornbill
-Density estimate based on Program Distance is .208/ha (50% of minimum detections)
Philippine Brown Deer
-relative abundance is low- 0.01/day or simply means spending 100 CTD to photograph one deer
Almaciga Tree
-Density-4.2/ha

Sustainable Development Impacts

The declaration of Pusaka is also in the Obu Manuvu's Ancestral Domain Sustainable Protection Plan (ADSDPP) that impacts all levels from:
I. Environmental Protection and Management
II. Socio-Economic Development and Agriculture
III. Basic Services and Social Infrastructure
IV. Preservation of Cultural Heritage
V. Organisational and Institutional Development
VI. Peace and Order

Moreso, Community-based Development Plans were formulated on where the Pusaka are located to ensure biodiversity conservation and sustainable development with site specific objectives and priorities identified.

Scalability

The declaration of Pusaka is also in the Obu Manuvu's Ancestral Domain Sustainable Protection Plan (ADSDPP) that impacts all levels from:
I. Environmental Protection and Management
II. Socio-Economic Development and Agriculture
III. Basic Services and Social Infrastructure
IV. Preservation of Cultural Heritage
V. Organisational and Institutional Development
VI. Peace and Order

Moreso, Community-based Development Plans were formulated on where the Pusaka are located to ensure biodiversity conservation and sustainable development with site specific objectives and priorities identified.

Replicability

The Indigenous tribes have unique conservation frameworks and worldviews orally passed from one generation to the next.

On the national scale. this can be made.
Sensitivity to their ways and understanding are of utmost important.
Clear motives like protecting their sacred mountain - APO SANDAWA can be very significant for partnership. Culture-based frameworks and initiatives can be codified, processed and documented in the tribe's ways. The tribe's views of their ancestral domains and sacred areas would provide a great public appreciation on why forests and watersheds continue to thrive where tribes reside.

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