Climate resilience and promotion of renewable energy

June 12, 2017

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India

Climate resilience and promotion of renewable energy

About the Implementing organization

Name: SKG SANGHA

Country: India

Year of establishment: 1993

Type of organization:  Legally recognized non-profit status

Description

SKG Sangha, through their renewable energy projects, have neutralised emissions to the range of 5tonnes CO2e per unit per year (which is a total of 0.82 million tonnes CO2e in a year for all units installed). The biogas projects use as fuel the otherwise untreated manure, channelling the produced methane gas, for cooking. The emissions due to the use of firewood and fossil fuels such as kerosene and LPG have become negligible due to the use of the biogas stoves. Other activities such as improved cookstoves contribute to emission reductions to the tune of 0.6 million /year. The initiative has been responsible for reducing 1.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year for the past two decades.

Nature Element

Forests / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Health / Renewable energy / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

        

Environmental Impacts

According to Census of India 2011, 86.7% of rural households still depend on solid biomass as a primary energy source for cooking.The promotion of household biogas usage has both direct and indirect impacts on protection, restoration and promotion of sustainable use of forest wood and wildlife. On an average, a typical rural household in India consumes 3.9 kilogrammes of firewood per day for cooking and water heating (TERI Energy & Environment Data Directory and Yearbook 2013/14). The replacement of firewood with biogas over the years due to the initiative highlights the impressive quantities of firewood not being used thereby preventing deforestation.

The treated slurry from the digesters, widely used as manure, leads to the long-term conditioning of the soil and replace the use of chemical fertilisers to a considerable extent.

In the absence of the initiative, the dung from the household is left untreated is likely to pollute the local water bodies. The slurry is used extensively s manure.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The initiative creates both direct and indirect employment in the project areas. Labourers, masons, NGO partners, and office staff are hired for each of the project sites. The application of manure/ slurry of the bio digesters discourages the use of chemical fertilisers in agricultural fields thus reducing the risk of disasters. The continuous use of bio digesters promotes non-dependence on fossil fuels.

Scalability

Over the years, we have improved with modifications the quality and working of the bio digesters. After having adopted the best technology we have been scaling and expanding to various States within India and other countries as well. The initiative is easily scale-able to the countries of the undeveloped and developing world at a national scale. Our network of professionals and field agents in all our project areas are suitably trained to carry the work forward.

Replicability

The initiative can be comfortably replicated in other parts of the country and the world. In the absence of a robust carbon market, we have relied on funding from other agencies and succeeded. Garnering economic support for sustainable development projects such as these, especially in underdeveloped and developing nations, does not pose a problem.

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