Integration of conservation and livelihood

June 14, 2017

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India

Integration of conservation and livelihood

About the Implementing organization

Name: KISAN PANCHAYAT [FARMERS ASSOCIATION]

Country: India

Year of establishment: 2015

Type of organization: Indigenous group or organization

Description

Integration is important. The local community understands why conservation is important. There is a need to save and protect biodiversity. Forest gives so many resources for livelihood. But there are no proper harvesting techniques. The local community feels this and avoids harvesting resources from the forest. They are now focusing on own land based activity. They are learning farming practices, moving for new crops, In last three years, more than 300 families have started growing turmeric and ginger in their field. Pertaining to food security, they learned about the system of rice intensification method and more than 200 farmers taking paddy crop with SRI method. They are taking good production with this and using their own local seed. Potato is one another food and livelihood things. They have started cultivate potato for own consumption and marketing also. They need wood for food preparation and agriculture work. They have started plantation on their own land. They have planted semi timber species. To reduce or stop the use of chemical and fertilizer, they are making organic manure through composting techniques. More than 500 families have started using solar lamps for lighting at home. All these are integration initiatives for making this planet sustainable. There is a need to promote all these small initiatives. They are learning scientific harvesting of honey from the forest. All these actions are innovative and replicable in all biodiversity-rich area.

Nature Element

Forests / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Health

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

    

Environmental Impacts

We have collected some data on our own in the last two years. 300 families have increased their income Rs. 5000 to 8000 annually through the cultivation of ginger, turmeric, and potato. If this initiative did not happen, the families would have harvested forest.
There is a 20% reduced in firewood collection from the forest. They are using agro waste and collecting firewood from their own farm. The use of solar lamps improves health of women and children. Unwanted entrance in the forest has been reduced by 70-80%. The paddy production has been improved through using SRI method, which gives space to the local community to support conservation of forest and wildlife.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Through the initiatives, the families have become skilled in the cultivation of ginger, turmeric, potato. They are trained and skilled, having proper technical practical knowledge of these crops. Secondly, linkages have been developed for marketing. These crops are easy to store for a long time. It's a good sustainable income initiative.
Another development impact is on for SRI technique. The community has learned about SRI and getting good paddy production using this technique. SRI technique ensures their food security.
Long term sustainability is achievable through planning fruit and semi timber plants. In the long term, these plants will provide good income and fulfill their need for firewood, nontimber forest produces and wood for agriculture equipment. Lastly, the community is using compost manure. It's easy to prepare and easy to use in their farm and field. Worms are very much useful for land and good soil fertility. All these are sustainable impacts of this initiative.

Scalability

There is a huge possibility of scalability and replication of this initiative. We started this with 50 families and now we are composed of around 400 families from 28 villages, Every national park, protected forest area, and nationalized forest have the same problem. It's a good example for replication for the conservation of forest and wildlife. This process takes some time to work with a community. There is a need to discuss with the community at a lower level and a need to develop faith with the community. It is very much replicable with tribal and other weaker communities.

Replicability

As described above, it is easy to replicate this initiative in a different area of the country and other countries also. There will a need to change on activities as per local need. Without involving the local community, conservation is very difficult. This initiative could be replicated in all buffer zone area of all national parks.

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