Combined and collective action for pasture

June 15, 2017

Mongolia Placeholder
Mongolia

Combined and collective action for pasture

About the Implementing organization

Name: "Blossoming Almond" by Bayanchatsargana community group

Country: Mongolia

Year of establishment: 2007

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization

Description

Some 30-40 years ago pasture was not degraded as it is today. Nobody knew about so called term “conflicts over natural resources”. Unfortunately, today we understand it very well. Today many ordinary rural communities have started witnessing this unwanted “phenomenon” in the country. There can even be a danger of conflicts over natural resources, especially over water and pasture. The Initiative has tackled key environmental challenges many of which are faced by communities throughout Mongolia. Mongolians are nomadic herders traditionally. Pasture is so important in their daily life sustaining, because pasture supports livestock. Growing non-traditional green fodders to let pasture revive was innovative in their combined action to protect water, forest and pasture resources and improving their own livelihoods through diversifying into vegetable growing, intensified livestock husbandry, tree nurseries, enhanced household incomes by adopting new livelihood strategies in livestock and non-livestock activities such as grazing management, breed improvement, forest protection from grazing and afforestation. Their collective action has significantly strengthened community members' capacity to maintain their natural resource base, to increase productivity and improve overall community well-being. Having practiced an inclusive approach to pasture management and poverty reduction, this initiative has great value as a model for community lead transformational change.s

Nature Element

Grasslands

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

    

Environmental Impacts

The Initiative has tackled key environmental challenges faced by Mongolian communities. Their community action to build resilience to climate change impacts is exemplary, showing ways to rid themselves of dependence on livestock alone. Environ. impacts in short:
Green fodder- green fodders grown and reserved over winter are mostly used during late winter and entire spring to protect growing grass in spring, thus greatly contributing pasture land revival;
Tree nursing- for water source protection. Tree seedlings raised are planted every year alone and around small streams and water points to them intact.
Diversifying into vegetable- contributes greatly into landscape resilience and local food supply.
Grazing management & Intensified livestock husbandry - contributes to rehabilitation of pasture land and bringing cows with high returns/products resulting their numbers.
Reforestation- over 400 ha of pine forest has been added by the Initiative to Tijiin Nars National pack so far.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The value of the initiatives lies particular in their approaches of inclusive community organization, whereby lower income households have participated and benefited. Women have played crucial roles in social organization as well as small enterprise development, and gained economic empowerment. The activities implemented by the community based organizations in forest, water, pasture and riparian area management, restoration and protection are replicable models to implement key policies such as integrated water resources management, community forestry, and land management with rights and responsibilities of the user for sustainable use. The activities also reflect measures that are listed in major policy documents of the government and donor-supported publications on climate change adaptation, and mitigation. These initiatives are showing how communities can put them into practice to sustain their local resources and building their lives.

Scalability

These initiatives have scaled up successfully and are continuing to do so, whereby the scaling up mechanism is being carried forward by the initiatives themselves with other community based organizations and individuals. The initiatives have successfully linked to markets; economic success is measurable on household level and community well-being is enhanced through improved skills and education, communications and electricity infrastructure, tenure security and overall improved cooperation with government, resource agencies and private sector actors. The CBOs have certified rights for the possession and use of agricultural land, pasture and forest land that they manage. The Initiative today is well known to many stakeholders, including government and international communities. Mr. Dovdondemberel, head of the Initiative was was awarded the Order of the Polar Star by the President of Mongolia and won Energy Globe award of Austria, both in 2016.

Replicability

The initiative is growing organically in the local area, so far from 1 to 3 participating CBOs. In May 2015, Mr. Dovdondemberel shared the success story of the “Blossoming Almond” Initiative during a national meeting attended by 800 CBO delegates from all over Mongolia. This community forum was organized by the Ministry for Environment and Green Development to foster inter community learning and experience sharing. Through their collaborating government and non-government organizations including the Agricultural Association and the Forest Assembly of Mongolia, the initiatives approach and lessons learnt are shared and scaled up through community exchanges and other media.

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