Micro-Hydropower

June 19, 2017

Nepal Placeholder
Nepal

Micro-Hydropower

About the Implementing organization

Name: Conservation Area Management Committee (CAMC), Bhujung, Lamjung

Country: Nepal

Year of establishment: 1993

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Community enterprise or business / Cooperative business / Women’s association or organization / Indigenous group or organization / Ethnic minority group or association

Description

Micro-hydropowers have great potential for country like Nepal as many rural and remote areas still dont have acess to electricity. In Bhujung VDC there are two micro-hydro power stations build with financial support form ACAP and donor agencies. A 65 kw micro-hydro and 20 kw hydro in Miding river has been established and functional supplying electricity to all households of Bhujung VDC. Compared to larger hydro-power programs the small scale micro-hydro is cheap to establish, can be managed with local manpower and can be hugely successful in sustainable development. Compared to the general practice of using firewood as source of fire, light this is very cheap and effective. Electricity as energy source can be very effective in areas of minimizing forest depletion, health risk minimization, economic growth and general increase in living standard of the community. Both micro-hydro-powers are community managed and the revenue generated is either used for management or for various community based activity.

Nature Element

Forests / Mountains / Rivers / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Health / Renewable energy / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

        

Environmental Impacts

Micro-hydro produced electricity is one of the cleanest source of renewable power. After the construction of the micro-hydro there has been significant decrease in use of trees and thus has increased the forests area, increased habitat for wildlife and their number. The reduction in pressure on forests has also increased the benefits local community can get as forest services. People now have started to conserve the river ecosystems and areas surrounding it as a method for management of micro-hydro plants. The pollution from smokes and gases produced from oil based machinery and equipment has been minimized which has helped create a clean environment.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Since the management of the hydro-power is done by local community, this has created jobs. People of this community with proper training are being employed. With power source readily available local communities have now opportunities of using various machinery tools and equipment which has been used for tea processing factory, tourism based industries etc. The use of clean source of energy has also minimized the various health risks involved with smoke related diseases. Since this is a renewable source of energy the long term potential and benefits are huge considering the initial investment. Similarly this also minimizes the use of oil or gas based electricity generation and minimize the production of air pollutant.

Scalability

many micro-Hydro powers and large scale hydro power can be found in many parts of Nepal. the small micro-hydro powers are able to provide benefit to a small geographical locations or area surrounding the construction site. in the present context of shortage of electricity in Nepal, construction of transmission lines connected all the micro-hydro powers to District grids to national grids can be very much influence the economic development of the country. It can help minimize the use of oil or gas based electricity which care being imported from India or other foreign countries.

Replicability

The use of micro-hydro power is not new in context of Nepal. Various rural areas in Nepal now have access to electricity as as result. However not all micro hydro-powers are community managed, if this can be carried out in all rural areas the benefits gained by local community can be increased. The jobs opportunities, improving the capacity of the local community, creating a sense of unity can all be achieved as can be seen through the present condition in Bhujung VDC. if this can be adapted to other remote areas, the financial resources required for sustainable development can be generated through this initiative and invested into the community.

Share this solution:

 


 

Equator Blog

About Equator Initiative 

Contact Us

Follow Us: