Community Adaptation Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience

June 20, 2017

Kenya Placeholder
Kenya

Community Adaptation Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience

About the Implementing organization

Name: Ecofinder Kenya

Country: Kenya

Year of establishment: 1995

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status

Description

Ecofinder Kenya has worked for years with the people of Yala, In Siaya County towards building their resilience in the face of climate change. After their research and surveys of the villages, It became quite evident that despite having a great percentage of poor people, there is also a big disparity in social standards but people facing the same challenges with climate change impacts. It, therefore, became paramount for them to develop ecosystem-based adaptation approaches which will benefit entire villages as opposed to individuals. This intervention is also important in that it brings the people in the communities together to work as a team and develop solutions that help them adapt better to climate change. To this effect, they gathered in community forums and developed Community Adaptation Action Plans detailing the challenges they face and actions to be taken for each of the challenges mentioned and this provided the communities with a road map on how to fight the effects of climate change. In addition to these, Ecofinder Kenya in collaboration with the PREPARED project availed resources that the community members needed to kick start their journey to building resilience like water harvesting equipment, training, and capacity building on climate-smart farming, flood control, disease prevention and control and community-wide seedlings for pilot sustainable and climate smart farming.

Nature Element

Wetlands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

      

Environmental Impacts

One of the actions, as detailed in the Community Adaptation Action Plans, is water harvesting, catchment protection and wetlands conservation. Ecofinder Kenya has facilitated the community’s activities towards this and they have Planted 1200 Indigenous trees which are climate adapted and resistant to pests and diseases. This has been done in schools and they also established a Green Farm/Botanical Garden in the community and planned another 1200 trees. The community members have also been working towards wise use of the Yala Wetland so as to ensure its conservation. The conservation of the wetlands is aimed at restoring the habitats for the wild animals living in them like the Sitatunga antelope, the hippopotamus, papyrus endemic and migratory bird species in the wetlands. This, in turn, helps reduce human-wildlife conflicts, which as pointed out by the communities is one of the major challenges they face.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Training and capacity building plus the provision of climate smart seedlings has improved food security in the villages. At least now even in the face of prolonged drought, the people have the knowledge and resources they need to grow crops and have food. They also provided water harvesting knowledge and donated 5,000-litres water tanks to schools which used to close up because of sanitation problems. Provision of water and food security has led to disaster risk reduction in the communities and has made the community members more resilient.

Scalability

The actions embedded in the Community Adaptation Action Plans are drawn to the capacity of the community with possible help from donor organizations, well wishes, and the local governments. These actions and the Development of Adaptation Action Plans can be scaled by expanding the area of coverage and the size of the actions to be taken and this will also mean bringing in more partners and stakeholders to work hand in hand with the community members and see to the implementation of the actions outlined in the Community Adaptation Action Plans.

Replicability

This action is currently being implemented by three villages in Siaya County and the same can be also adopted in other climate change hot-spots in the country. This would involve mobilization of community members and establishment of working forums for the development of the Community Adaptation Action Plans targeting actions which respond to the challenges they face and the capacity of the community to implement them as a unit.

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