Ecosystem-based climate change adaptation

June 20, 2017

Turkey Placeholder
Turkey

Ecosystem-based climate change adaptation

About the Implementing organization

Name: Coca-Cola Life Plus Foundation

Country: Turkey

Year of establishment: 2009

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status / Youth group or association

Description

Coca-Cola Life Plus Foundation develops climate smart agriculture projects, in cooperation with Nature Conservation Centre (DKM) and the Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, using an ecosystem approach to climate change adaptation. Conserving and improving the ecosystem services used by agricultural sector will enhance the adaptive capacity of agricultural production to climate change. With this perspective, methodologies are developed towards mapping ecosystem services and determining those that are vulnerable in the face of climate change. The projects include onsite implementations such as direct seeding, wind breakers, nature friendly manure, drip irrigation and night irrigation. In order to better understand the impacts of these implementations on the biodiversity, monitoring programs covering plants, birds, small mammals and butterflies are developed. Farmer-to-farmer learning mechanisms and dissemination tools are also developed and put into practice through the projects. Furthermore, socio-economic surveys are conducted in order to understand the dynamics in agricultural production at local level and improve the impacts of the projects. Throughout these activities, the Programme works closely with farmers, academicians and governmental institutions in order to bring innovative and adaptive solutions to challenges faced by the social-ecological and economical dynamics in agricultural production schemes.

Nature Element

Grasslands / Drylands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Sustainable use / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Food security / Water security

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

  

Environmental Impacts

The Life Plus Environmental Programme uses climate smart agricultural techniques to improve soil quality, reduce water usage in agricultural sector, improve livelihoods of the farmers and reduce greenhouse gases from agricultural activities. The project also monitors the impacts of these implementations on biodiversity in order to increase the awareness regarding the synergies between agricultural implementations and wildlife.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Direct seeding and wind breakers implemented in the project improves the soil quality by increasing soil carbon and conserving moisture in the soil, which reduces water usage in return. The implementations also increases the capacity in combatting soil degradation and desertification. Conservation of the natural resources serves at sustainability of agricultural production.
In addition to the project activities aiming to conserv natural resources and contribute to livelihoods of the farmers, the project also provides nature-based solutions to the problems faced in contemporary agricultural productions. For example, the number of rodents increased due to reduction of natural predators and farmers are keen to use more rodenticides in the region. The project placed owl and kestrel nesting boxes on the fields as means of biological combatting and eco-friendly agriculture.

Scalability

These activities should be replicated nationwide to increase resilience in agricultural production with an environmental approach. The programme contributed the development of new projects in the region with its solid outputs. Actually, the Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey has already start taking measures based on the experiences obtained in the project.

Replicability

Climate smart agriculture activities are required to increase the capacity of ecosystems and farmers to adapt to climate change. The Project direct seeding implementations can be replicated by the local farming authorities by providing the farmers direct seeding machines. Wind breakers, night irrigation and using birds of prey for rodent management can be replicated by farmers themselves.

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