Engaging indigenous people in conservation of rare species

June 20, 2017

Viet Nam Placeholder
Viet Nam

Engaging indigenous people in conservation of rare species

About the Implementing organization

Name: The Center for Biodiversity and Biological Safety (CBBS)

Country: Viet Nam

Year of establishment: 2007

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status

Description

Conducting training on technology transferation, awareness raising and identification of rare and precious tree species in the locality. One of the initiatives to raise awareness and protect endangered tree species is to hang nameplates of the endangered species, which must be protected, and not be destroyed. Information on the nameplates include: the scientific, Vietnamese and H’ Mong names of the tree (there are over 90% H’ Mong people in the Thai Phin Tung commune). There were three successful conservation models: household conservation, conservation by a group of households (from 6-7 households) and community conservation. The first two models based on available some rare species, now adding more rare and precious tree species from seedlings created by the tree cutting method. The third community model applied to households within the whole commune by using nursery seedlings created by the tree cutting method. All the three models showed that they are applicable and successful to be replicated.

Nature Element

Mountains / Drylands

Type of Action

Restoration / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

  

Environmental Impacts

15,000 trees of three rare and precious species namely the northern red pine (Taxus chinensis), Podocarpus Pilgeri and Cupressus Funebris through three demonstration models: household, group of households and community. The growing rate is 70%. This is an unexpected success, a miracle, not only that they are growing very fast. This has contributed to regreening Dong Van karst plateau, the forest coverage rate was very low, recovered karst ecosystems, a highly unsustainable, sensitive ecosystem, especially after the impact, the resilience is extremely difficult. Thanks to the vegetation, animals such as mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians will also gradually appear to make up the biodiversity. The environmental impact is enormous, not only environmental protection in general but also protection of rare and precious plant species and wildlife contributing to the biodiversity conservation of the world cultural heritage and global Geopark - Dong Van karst plateau.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Three tree species growing on the karst plateau are rare and precious ones with high economic value. The two of the three species (red pine and Cupressus Funebris) are medicinal plants. The red pine contains taxol, a raw material for production of anti-cancer medicines. Cupressus Funebris uses to treat colds, fever, and hepatitis. Podocarpus Pilgeri has good wood with the high value. restoration of forest cover on plateau has helped create the water sources, favourable conditions for agricultural production and improvement of people’s life. Previously, people in the plateau had to eat corn almost all the year. If there is water source for planting rice, increasing foodstuff yield, it will help gradually the improvement of people’s lives. Restoration of vegetation is an important factor to the limestone ecosystem restoration, rare genetic resources protection, biodiversity conservation, and water source development. It created an opportunity to revive the land.

Scalability

There are three success conservation models: household conservation, conservation by a group of households (from 6-7 households) and community conservation. The first two models based on available some rare species, now adding more rare and precious tree species from seedlings created by the tree cutting method. The third community model applied to households within the whole commune by using nursery seedlings created by the tree cutting method. All the three models showed that they are applicable and successful to be replicated not only at the level of a commune but also at a district, provincial level or more. The Ha Giang Provincial People's Committee has decided to plant 100,000 rare and precious trees in six districts of the plateau in 2017 by allocating seedling for the community.

Replicability

Success in greening karst in Thai Phin Tung commune confirms a principle that must be relied on people, encourage people to participate. More importantly, it is to help people seeing the benefits they will be entitled when realizing the idea of conserving biodiversity, genetic resources of rare and precious species, and protecting the environment.

One thing to note, when replicating the models two important factors are to master: the characteristics of the natural and socio-economic conditions of the locality, where the models will be applied, and the ecological characteristics of tree species used in the models. If you master these two factors, the likelihood of success is certain, by contrast, just lack of full understanding of one of the two factors, the possibility of failure is huge.

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