Day 3 - Noavember 17, 2004
The number of participants in the Mubaan increased by twenty today, as more people from communities from around the world joined in dialogue space activities. Both yesterday and today (Nov 16th and 17th) were part of a special two-day Mubaan session for attendees that provided an introduction and bridge to the World Conservation Congress, which has its first full day of activities on Wednesday. The mood in the Mubaan was one excitement and anticipation as the official opening ceremony will take place today and a full slate of Congress activities, in the Mubaan and beyond, begins early tomorrow.
The morning session at the Mubaan continued discussions started on Monday and work progressed on the community statements. Community representatives participating in the Mubaan were clear about one thing throughout the dayÁs many events ² they wanted to produce a statement that reflected their intention for the Congress.
During the afternoon, prior to completion of the Community Declaration, attendees went to the official opening ceremony for the World Conservation Congress. Her Majesty Queen Sirikit, Queen of Thailand, officially opened the Congress and was presented with an award for her commitment to conservation. Her Majesty made an impassioned plea for intensified conservation efforts and the spread of knowledge about the importance of the natural world and conservation.
The major output of the Mubaan today was the Community Declaration, in which the intention of the Mubaan participants is put forth ---
Community Mubaan Statement: Pre-Conference Workshop World Conservation Congress (WCC) ² 16 & 17 November 2004
We, indigenous and local communities representatives from different countries around the world had an intensive programme of sharing our resource management and conservation experiences, as well as our innovations during the 16-17 Nov 2004 Pre-World Conservation Congress (WCC) Workshop.
We require a paradigm shift. We consider the following as critical components of a successful 21st century conservation agenda at all levels:
* Socio-cultural and spiritual context of the local and indigenous communities impacted by any conservation and development processes and programmes must be considered.
* Effective consultation is mandatory.
* Access to resources is essential.
* Conservation and development policies must be pro-community.
* Tenure and resource ownership must be protected.
* Access and benefit sharing of resources must be respected, particularly in trans-boundary protected areas.
* Programmes must make a contribution to local poverty reduction.
* Communities must be seen as equal partners with all other stakeholders in sustainable development.
* Scientists must perform participatory research - communities are not merely subjects of research.
* Scientists must be careful that community bio-prospecting does not become bio-piracy.
* Private sector must realize that communities are not merely consumers.
We encourage governments, private sector and other stakeholders to adopt the following recommendations:
- Promote development that is culturally appropriate and relevant to the community and that addresses the communitiesÁ needs and aspirations, in line with their common vision and objectives. This is provided for in CBD Article 10 ©, WPC REC, The 2010 Biodiversity target - COP7.
- Understand the Indigenous Technological Knowledge Systems (IKS) and wisdom of local communities including traditional lifestyles vital for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and incorporate them in the decision and policy making process.
- Facilitate strengthening of existing local and indigenous community based organizations representing communities, including finding alternative ways for ensuring they are recognized as legal entities and are able to participate meaningfully in the development process.
- Promote the creation of strategic alliances with local and indigenous communities especially supporting development of community networks and information technology centers for sharing experiences and good practices at grassroots level. There must be information sharing on local efforts, especially focusing on actions and successes.
- Provide appropriate conditions that allow the up-scaling of successful local community innovations and initiatives for increased socio-economic and ecological impacts including the provision of sustainable funding mechanisms and appropriate capacity building and matching.
- Establish policies and institutions that allow communities to own and effectively co-manage their local resources in and around protected areas and TBNRM. Institute national policies that officially recognize the community conserved areas (CCAs) and offer proper rights of tenure that allow effective management of forest and wildlife resources by the local and indigenous communities themselves. This is provided for in the WPC Rec 5.26, the IUCN/WWF Guideline and Principles on Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas, ILO 167 Article 13 and 14.
- Consider getting mandate (free and prior informed consent- IPC) of the communities in issues related to the collection, research and commercialization of products derived from local communitiesÁ knowledge and biodiversity. Where possible there has to be some mutual agreement terms (MAT) on how the benefits from the commercial use of these products will be shared with the community as provided for in Article 15 of CBD and also the WSSD Plan of implementation Section 42.
Thank you , Kap koon kha, Mazviita, Muchas gracias, Salamat, Merci bu ku