CONTROLLING POACHING OF WILD BIRDS

August 2, 2017

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India

CONTROLLING POACHING OF WILD BIRDS

About the Implementing organization

Name: WILD ORISSA

Country: India

Year of establishment: 1997

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status

Description

Direct intervention by way of apprehending poachers operating in the waters of Chilika Lake in and around Mangalajodi, with prior information on such activities, alongwith members of Wild Orissa and forest staff

Monitoring with members of Wild Orissa in the waters, especially in the poaching prone areas adjoining Mangalajodi waters, in both motorboats as well as in boats procured from local sources

Patrolling with members of Wild Orissa and forest staff, during odd hours, against poaching of bird eggs

Holding of regular meetings with the members of the bird protection committee of Mangalajodi

Holding meetings with the forest staff of Tangi Wildlife Range and Mangalajodi Section

Outings with visiting scientists from the Bombay Natural History Society etc., to the breeding habitats.

Involvement of school children in boat excursions to the bird breeding habitats

Organising competitions on Chilika Lake and its birds, amongst school children of the area

Seeking interventions of the Chief Wildlife Warden, Irrigation Department, Chilika Development Authority, etc., on the fragile waterfowl breeding habitats

Ensuring some income generation for the poacher turned conservationists

This initiative at waterfowl conservation with the participation of poachers and hunters is a model unique in its practice in India’s conservation history

This initiative resulted in latent benefit of ingraining a sense of self work, voluntary approach, self induced discipline

Nature Element

Coasts / Wetlands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention / clean up / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Peace and security / Health / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

          

Environmental Impacts

• Bird protection initiatives by Wild Orissa ensures dramatic increase in bird numbers from 2001• Bird protection initiatives by Wild Orissa ensures dramatic increase in bird numbers from 2001• Bird Census Figures (source: Parliament)• 1998-1999 12292• 1999-2000   9112• 2000-2001 19191• 2001-2002        103731 (a 750% increase!!)• 2016        200000The initiative has helped to tackle the perenious problem of poaching of waterfowl in these parts of Chilika Lake. The containing of poaching has had a positive fall out of providing a safe haven for migratory waterfowl. It has helped create a base for future livelihood generation programs including that of wildlife tourism/eco-tourism. These efforts almost completely eliminated bird poaching here, and some of the ex-hunters have become die-hard conservationists.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The committee members are also involved in various scientific projects like bird census, egg monitoring, etc. which educate them with english names of birds, however the long term experience of these ex-poachers enable them to identify birds, their eggs, their behaviour, important bird habitats, which prove to be very useful contribution for effective conservation of endangered birds. The committee members also support and actively take part in research activities done in Mangalajodi area; they get involved in yearly bird census, bird movement monitoring and egg monitoring. The initiative has helped to tackle the perenious problem of poaching of waterfowl in these parts of Chilika Lake. The containing of poaching has had a positive fall out of providing a safe haven for migratory waterfowl. It has helped create a base for future livelihood generation programs including that of wildlife tourism/eco-tourism.

Scalability

In a complex world of conflicting demands placed by multifarious consuming sectors, conservation of wetlands and their bio-diversity is one of paramount importance. This exercise of conservation has had a ripple effect including that of recharging of the food chain, conservation of ecosystem, ensuring generation of gainful employment for the local people, a carbon sink facilitator, and as a measure for recharging our underground acquifers. One of critical achievements in this conservation of wetlands and biodiversity is improvement of socio-economic conditions of local community. Rarely has a wildlife conservation model involving one time hunters been successful and that too sustained over a decade. Ingraining a sense of self work, voluntary approach, self induced discipline, etc., while undertaking waterfowl and wildlife conservation work by the villagers of Mangalajodi, all led to a brigade for conservation for the wildernesses has been created.

Replicability

This approach in wildlife conservation has ensured empowering local community in conservation of biodiversity by making law breakers as primary stakeholders in lawful implementation of public policy viz. wildlife conservation. By providing alternative income generating options and providing a transparent approach it has been ensured that Efficiency, Equity, Effectiveness and Economy are achieved.
Eco- tourism which got initiated during 2003 by Wild Orissa as an alternate source for livelihood income, is today one of the chief bread earner for the families of the onetime poachers in Mangalajodi
Mangalajodi has become a much sought after eco-tourism destination for Odisha
Manifold increase in footfalls especially photographers
Private businesses have come up, providing facilities for stay and travel coupled with trained eco-guides, which is providing income to many families and engages the members of the bird protection committee

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