Community-based restoration and management of mangroves in Lap An Lagoon, Thua Thien Hue

August 3, 2017

Viet Nam Placeholder
Viet Nam

Lap An Lagoon community

About the Implementing organization

Name: Lap An Lagoon community

Country: Viet Nam

Year of establishment: 2011

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Legally recognized non-profit status / Indigenous group or organization

Description

There is potential for conflict between resource users. The forest is allocated to a community, in particular a village and those who can afford the initial investment in mangrove re plantation and aquaculture are the only ones who can benefit from the mangroves and may not have any obligations to the community. In case of the project, there is an agreement between FA member; Vinh, and other members of the village that he will return the planted forest to village management after 5 years and participate in a benefit sharing regulation approved by the Commune and Lang Cotown People's Committee.
Although Circular 07/2011/TTLT- BNNPTNT- BTNMT stipulated that allocating forests is accompanied by allocating forest land, in Lang Co, the community was only allocated the forest. The forest itself is under the management of the Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE) and the land use is under the control of Chan May Lang Co Economic Zone's management board. DONRE cannot officially agree to allocate forest land without the permission of the economic zone. As such, local communities do not have land tenure over their allocated forest, leading to many difficulties in protecting and managing the forest, especially in the case of violations. This needs follow-up from CCRD to advocate to the provincial government to clarify the function and mandates of DONRE and Chan May Lang Co Economic Zone.

Nature Element

Forests

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

  

Environmental Impacts

Six pilot sustainable aquaculture models, including 3 shrimp, blue mussel models and 3 mangroves-based crab models were undertaken, which raised the income of households by 10% upon harvest. In particular, the 3 mangroves based crab models conducted by the 2 communities was able to show clear evidence of the mangroves' value and thus created an incentive for other households to replicate the model and protect mangroves.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Regular patrols by mangrove protection task forces meant that there was a halt to mangrove cutting activities and destructive fishing gear in the lagoon. A member of the FA invested his own money in planting 2 ha of mangroves for mangrove polyculture activities.

Scalability

The project was recognized by the provincial authorities and bring it to national level for lesson learn and scaling up.

Replicability

The lesson learn was documented and won a national prize for the community initiative in mangrove forest sector.

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