Minimization of POP chemicals in crop cultivation and management of solid waste to increase farm yields and farmers disposable incomes of farmers

August 4, 2017

Ghana Placeholder
Ghana

Minimization of POP chemicals in crop cultivation and management of solid waste to increase farm yields and farmers disposable incomes of farmers

About the Implementing organization

Name: Abrono Organic Farming Project

Country: Ghana

Year of establishment: 2009

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization, Legally recognized non-profit status, Community enterprise or business , Cooperative business, Indigenous group or organization

Description

The main activities undertaken by the project includedThe main activities undertaken by the project includeda. Setting up composting facility at Forikrom for processing waste into compost for agricultural field and vegetable production. ABOFAP was responsible for liaising with the municipality and traditional authorities for obtaining the required plot and the documentation. At the processing site the project consisted of the following activities in broad outline: Primary collection from homes; Segregation of waste at source; Composting of biodegradable waste; Recycling of non-biodegradable wasteb. Project Introduction and IEC (Awareness and Information Campaigns for waste management and chemical replacement with compost). Activities included promotion of the RRR-slogan – Reduce, Reuse, & Recycle – advertisement on publicity boards, on local radio channels, and in local newspapers, as well as workshops, exhibitions, lectures, street plays, etc. In addition, eco-clubs at schools and youth groups together with volunteers were formed in some of the public schools in the area.c. Establishment of A community waste management and compost production enterprise and environ-entrepreneurs trained in the production and monitoring of compost facilities (Waste management). The project identified, recruited, and trained 30 Youth as environ-entrepreneurs, made up of 12 males and 18 females the project equipped them with the knowledge and knowhow to manage the solid waste and compost them into bio-fertilizer.

Nature Element

Forests / Wetlands / Rivers

Type of Action

Protection / Pollution prevention / clean up / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)

    

Environmental Impacts

The project has set up demonstration farms close to the project site. They apply the organic fertilizer and organic neem pesticides to produce vegetable under simple irrigation. They have trained 15 farmers who permanently work on the farm using rain-fed and simple irrigation technology. This farmer-field school trains farmers on business management, marketing, simple book-keeping, banking procedures and credit management and how to access credit for their businesses. Environment knowledge and a variety of technical skills have been acquired by the community members. These include composting and pesticides preparation for beneficiaries’ farmers
With an initial group of 50, the beneficiary farmer population increased to over 3,000 thereby increasing the demand for organic inputs including the compost. Each farmer cultivates 1.5 ha of land under organic agriculture. There is no more open burning of waste and over 5,000 ha of land is under organic agriculture

Sustainable Development Impacts

The project identified, recruited, and trained 30 Youth as environs-entrepreneurs. These entrepreneurs are in permanent job and have the knowledge and skills to manage the solid waste and compost them into bio-fertilizer. All the environs-entrepreneurs underwent extensive training in composting techniques, principles behind composting and recycling, occupational hazards, health and hygiene, collection and transportation procedures. The training linked the deteriorating environment, waste, to human health, treatment and management of waste, principles behind composting and recycling, occupational hazards, health and hygiene, collection and transportation procedures. The trained women personnel undertakes branding, promote the marketing and sale of compost products. The composts are marketed in and around the locality. Farmers are encouraged to buy the compost for farming at relatively lower prices. The marketing and sale of compost is on-going with after sale support to the farmers.

Scalability

A community waste management and compost production enterprise with permanent and causal workers has been established three other districts in the country. The registered Abrono bio-fertilizer enterprise has become a mentor to the new enterprises teaching them to adopt a simple hole-aerobic technology for composting degradable waste into bio-fertilizer using 55-60 days composting cycle. Through compost and ponding method the enterprise also process liquid fertilizer and neem pesticides control. The new enterprises are being used to solve the municipal and urban waste problems whiles increasing food crop production and incomes of the farmers. Each bag of organic fertilizer cost US2.50 whilst a liter of liquid fertilizer cost US$1.00. The operating cost and expenses are covered by the sales of the final products. This has made most rural business to adopt the technology.

 

Replicability

The registered Abrono bio-fertilizer simple hole technology for composting of waste into bio-fertilizer under 35-40 days composting cycle has been adopted. The enterprise produces for distribution 120 bags (25kg per bag) of granule organic fertilizer every 45 days. In additions 35 liters of neem pesticides and 120 liters of Liquid Organic fertilizers are produced every quarter. Environment knowledge and a variety of technical skills have been adopted by the university of Ghahese include the organization of training workshops in composting and pesticides preparation for 135 beneficiaries’ farmers selected from the four communities every quarter as well as training of 11 individual farmers on business management, marketing, simple book- keeping, and credit management in the project areas to access credit for their businesses. The project is being replicated in two municipalities in the Central and Upper West Regions with funding support from the Government.

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