India Placeholder

Combating climate change through social forestry by converging livelihood and community participation

About the Implementing organization

Name: Sanmat

Country: India

Year of establishment: 2007

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Legally recognized non-profit status


Through an effective community level resource management plan, we linked several government and private initiatives within the existing social forestry programme. The Community Level Plan helps the marginalized and under privileged community members to have sustainable livelihoods and at the same time, it generates assets for the same. Apart from that, the Community Level Plan creates a positive impact in the Agri-rural-local value chain – through creating social enterprise and social entrepreneurs. The Social Enterprise produce and procure relevant organic compost, Bamboo Tree guard, Water Carrying Trolleys and Jeeva Mrit ( Cow Urine used as pestiside) protects plants from pest by local for locals and through community level initiatives. the social entrepreneurs strengthen the supply side of the agri-value chain.

Nature Element

Forests / Wetlands / Rivers

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Disaster risk reduction / Peace and security / Health / Renewable energy / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

Reduction of CO2 which causes greenhouse effect (1 acre of tree removes up to 2.6 Tonnes of CO2)
• Plantations assist in cleaning the soil and prevents erosion
• Plantations help cleanse the air by intercepting the airborne particles, reducing heat and absorbing such pollutants as CO, SO2, NO2.
• Trees remove air pollution by lowering air temperature, through respiration and by retaining particulates

Sustainable Development Impacts

There is transfer of skills and market creation with agro-based products and services, sustainable employment generation for the rural households catering Basic malnutrition problem of poor children will be solved through supplementation of fruits.There are certain forest models that provide the local people with products, like: wood as fuel, fruits, nut and herbs along with opportunity for agricultural purpose.Ø 90% of energy in the rural areas is derived from fuel wood.Ø Presently it is taken out from the existing forest and Trees.Such project will not only meet this demand but shall also protect the ecosystem.
We see following impacts in the term of sustainable development:
1. Sustainable livelihood
2. Asset for life
3. Sustainable economical growth
4. Sustainable solution for Malnutrition
5. Sustainable conventional energy sources
6. Aromatic Raw material supply chain creation
7. Main streaming
8. Environment Protection


This methodology is very unique due to its participative nature. The regular insolvent of all the stake holders in every stage makes it very simple and scalable. Identification of site/land for plantation comes from Gram Sabha of Gram Panchayat ,which involves most of the community people residing in the vicinity of Gram Panchayat. All the elected Panchayati Raj Institution members approve it with Gram Panchayat head. The lowest unit of Government Called Panchayat Sewak get involved in Identification of Van Poshak/Care Taker residing near plantation site to provide care services to plant sapling.This program can be scalable and expanded across nation as the theme of program is based on participation and clear role for each stakeholders. Eventhough there is lot of diversity in Nations like India but the involvement of each stake holders in the program is turning it to the easily expandable program across India and also across globe in countries with similar conditions like India.


This program is best suited for replication in other parts of country in a way of engaging many people and sharing of benefits on micro level. Any program which is able to balance different stake holders through participation in decision making with feeling of ownership of program and also creating sustainable livelihood for community residents. This program is also engaging youth as social entrepreneurs and providing market to do business with their available resources which is really an unique reason of replicating this initiative. Countries like India and Sub Saharan African countries rely more on recommendation of the network or reference of people. The trust level increases due to the fact of personel references and recommendation. Once a community start earning other community also start believing the intervention and they get ready to implement it in their vicinity. So this program shows success on real time for last person. So it is easily replicable across Nation & Globe.

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