Smart Climate Agriculture
About the Implementing organization
Name: Almadania Farming Cooperative
Year of establishment: 2005
Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status
The innovative aspects of the solution are:
§ Land consolidation which rehabilitated more than 16 Ha of degraded soils and reduced the economic vulnerability of the local community.
§ Conducting an integrated approach in agroecology (resilient fold, MAP, solar energy, beekeeping, fruit trees...).
§ The introduction of smart climate agriculture through the techniques of agroecology has allowed combining economic constraints to the environmental challenges (taking into account the needs of the population).
§ The combination of conservation of agrobiodiversity and climate resilience: Conservation of local noble resistant varieties of endangered palm: Mejhoul (species representing only 1% of palm in Morocco) and Boufeggouss.
§ The project's success is rooted in the spirit of solidarity, trust, and traditional mutual aid prevailing in the region and that has promoted the effective mobilization of the community (Almadania is a family cooperative).
Type of Action
Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights
Sustainable Development Element
Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Renewable energy / Climate action
The community, which suffered from climate change, is now well aware of the new constraints of its environment and knows from now on how to adapt by decreasing the pressures exercised. Thanks to the establishment of resilient hydro-agricultural infrastructures, the use of renewable energy, new acclimatization techniques of date palm shoots, crops less demanding in water and vertical layers crops (microclimate creation), etc. Reducing GHG emissions is continually made possible and drought resistance is greatly enhanced.
The initiative has strengthened land rehabilitation through planting date palm and fruit trees in addition to MAPs and resilient forage. This also allowed keeping the oasis agrobiodiversity of two endangered varieties of date palms (Mejhoul and bouffegouss) through the establishment of a nursery including 3000 seedlings in total.
Sustainable management of natural resources was supported through the hydro-agricultural development in localized irrigation.
Sustainable Development Impacts
The sustainable development impacts are:
§ The consolidation of land;
§ The acquirement of loan from the private sector in the context of strengthening green community entrepreneurship (partnership with ‘Le Crédit Agricole’);
§ The spirit of solidarity, cooperation and trust between the beneficiaries;
§ The massive community awareness with respect to the advantages of agroecology and the connection of the latter to improve their quality of life are important incentive means to people adherence;
§ The cooperative follows a model of good governance ensuring full transparency in its work and toward its members;
§ Capacity building of the cooperative in terms of management and organization;
The project has strongly influenced policy makers in the rural municipality of Fezna (5000 inhabitants) in developing the Municipal Development Plan which has planned similar projects in particular regarding the drip irrigation system, solar pumping to power khettara as well as planting MAPs.
The initiative of the Almadania cooperative has also served as a pilot model of adaptation to climate change in the Oases at a major side event during the COP 16 in Cancun and as an innovative model of community-based adaptation during the United Nations summit on sustainable development Rio + 20.
The cooperative also receives a lot of demands for support from many farmers in the region (besides member farmers) who wish to follow the same approach. The initiative is thus disseminated informally to expand in the medium and long term throughout the region.
15 new cooperatives have followed the model of cooperative Almadania particularly in terms of consolidation of agricultural land, resilient agroecology, and pumping of water by solar energy (over 400 farmers have adopted this system in their plots).
A website has also been dedicated to the project (www.oasisalmadania.com), the website includes all actions taken as well as the dissemination of good practices. The development and dissemination of a "success story" of the initiative have also contributed to the dissemination of the experience at a larger scale.
UNDP national programs (Oasis of Tafilalet program and Africa Adaptation program) are based on the successful experience of Almadania project as an inspiring model for revitalizing other oases, especially regarding land consolidation and management of water resources.
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