The Kalpavalli programme and the Kalpavalli Conservation Area

June 5, 2017

India Placeholder

The Kalpavalli programme and the Kalpavalli Conservation Area

About the Implementing organization

Name: The Timbaktu Collective

Country: India

Year of establishment: 1990

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status


Our solution is innovative on account of its multi-pronged strategy for community-led conservation. The Kalpavalli programme has four important components – livelihood enhancement (use for thatch grass, fruits, tubers and medicinal plants, grazing of small ruminants), restoration of ecosystem services (water, carbon sequestration, fuelwood, soil moisture content, nutrient cycling, pollination services), restoration and protection of biodiversity, and conservation outreach.

Nature Element

Forests / Drylands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The Kalpavalli programme has successfully restored the KCA into a thriving savannah grassland ecosystem. It protects and conserves over 9,000 acres of prime Indian Grey Wolf habitat, including two denning and rendezvous sites, thereby supporting breeding populations of this vulnerable species. In addition, the KCA is home to sloth bears, leopards, black bucks and hyena. In total there are over 250 species of flora, 123 of birds, 22 species of mammals and over species of herpeto-fauna. The KCA forms an important watershed serving over 20,000 people. This landscape has been successfully restored into a thriving savannah grassland ecosystem.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The Kalpavalli programme contributes to SDG 1. It provides livelihood opportunities for the most marginalised landless communities who have little or no access to resources and rely largely on the NTFPs provided by the KCA. The programme targets highly degraded common lands which it restores into productive ecosystems, which are then sustainably used and managed.


Over the past 25 years, our conservation model has been fine-tuned to simplify the steps and process involved. These include community mobilisation, liaison with government agencies, conducting biodiversity and socio-economic surveys, forming community organisations and establishing institutional partnerships. We believe that our model is suitable for scaling up in other parts of the country, especially because we were able to regenerate a forest in a dry land region. It is also important that the government/s takes the view that community members are equal partners in the development of common lands.


For the same reasons above, we feel that our model can be replicated in India and abroad.

Share this solution:



Equator Blog

About Equator Initiative 

Contact Us

Follow Us: