Nepal Placeholder

Ecosystem-based management and adaptation for forest conservation.

About the Implementing organization

Name: Dumrithumka Adarsh Mahila Community Forest User Group

Country: Nepal

Year of establishment: 1998

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Women’s association or organization


The three-year action has shown many positive changes which make this action different from others. such
1. Restriction of overgrazing: Overgrazing restriction has led, not only to the natural balance of forest lands but to producers' bottom lines, as well. Managing livestock on forest lands has shown to understand the complex soil-plant-animal relationship involved.
2. Promotion of Home Gardening: The results so far has have shown that home gardens are important production system for food security and livelihood of people are viable unity for biodiversity conservation. Good opportunity for mobilising the resources and capacity and promotion of diversity increased awareness about the value of home garden through home garden promotion.
3. Reforestation: Reforestation resulted in bringing the change in the landscape of the community forest which was heavily destroyed by the landslide previously.
4. Improved cooking stoves: This stove emits less smoke and so prevents disease and environmental pollution leading to cleaner air and improved health as well as reduce fuel wood consumption leading forest and ecosystem conservation.
Overall these action in the community has improved local livelihood and rapid change in land use has affected people's perceptions on landscape's capacity to produce ecosystem services. The local people have abundant knowledge on ecosystem services linked to biodiversity and conservation therefore available recognition of their social value.

Nature Element


Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Disaster risk reduction / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The initiative has shown some significant impact on the environment such as installation of improved cooking stoves in the household has helped in more than 50% of fuelwood consumption has reduced as compared to the traditional stove, which implies reduction of more than 50% in total fuelwood collection, this fact is another sign for the success of initiative reducing the pressure for fuel wood on the forest ecosystem. Due to the open grazing restriction initiative, the saplings in the community forest and area surrounding households have flourished well enhancing the greenery of the surroundings. The forest cover (especially ground cover) has significantly extended. Changes in the vegetation growth in the community forests, on the bank of streams and terraces surrounding households, have been perceived.

Sustainable Development Impacts

1.Jobs and livelihood. More than 90% of in-house pollution was reduced by use of ICS as well as control of diseases improving the livelihood of women in the community. The home garden promotion has led to several benefits such as uncultivated area were utilised, the consumption rate of vegetables improved of nutrient supply.Plantation and selling of broom grass helped to increase the income.

2. Disaster Risk Reduction: Repeatedly undermine local effort through sustainable use and management has led to increasing the vegetation cover and root structure protecting against erosion, increasing stability preventing a landslide. Reforestation near the bank of the stream has reduced the chances bank cutting within the area.

3.Climate action: The protection and management of the ecosystems offered a highly cost effective mechanism for mitigation by enhancing and protecting the essential life-supporting ecosystem services in the community enabling societal adaptation to climate change.


The actions that have been implemented in community forest has not been expanded to national level till now but possible to expand. Ecosystems are the major provider of livelihood services in Nepal. The low-income economy of this country is highly dependent on ecosystem services and other natural capital. Under the national scale, the action i.e services from forests and other ecosystems need to be further recognized and supported including by economic means with ensuring the right of local communities and indigenous and traditionally marginalized group and good conservation of biodiversity because forest and other ecosystems are vital to ensure long term food, water and energy security and equity. Also, reduce the consequences of strong weather manifestation which are increasing due to climate change. By strengthening the trend and possibilities of different products and services from the forest and another ecosystem could be expanded in national level.


Climate change has pursued ecosystems and their credibility to some extent. Impacts of climate change have yet to be profiled and levels of climate change impacts have yet to be discovered beyond the hypothesis. In the present context where we stand, we are awkward, empty handed in terms of economic valuation of, the ecosystems and their services which are likely to be unkindly loaded by the climate change impact.This action will help build the capacity of institutions working on resilience to climate-induced vulnerability, which will subsequently improve the livelihoods of the communities and for forest conservation. Adaptive capacity can only be attained when the value of the ecosystem services provided by mountain communities to those downstream is understood, recognised and maintained. Many countries in the world are facing the degradation of the ecosystem but through the implementation this action it will help to recover the natural ecosystem resulting several benefit and services.

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