Community forest management for climate change adaptation
About the Implementing organization
Name: Health and Technical Education Development Centre, Palpa
Year of establishment: 1997
Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status
Nepal has one of the plans for climate change adaptation It called National Adaptation Plan of Action National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA) has identified six different priorities areas those are severely affected due to changing climate i.e. a) Agriculture and food security, b) Water resource and energy, c) Climate-induced disasters, d) Forests and Biodiversity, e) Public Health; and f) Urban settlements and infrastructure. On the other hand, almost poor and Dalit communities are residing either in embank of river and stream or in the fallow lands which are more fragile and sensitive to slope failure. Similarly, studies have shown that about 90% of the human casualties due to the water induced disaster in the South Asian region are women. Thus, it can be concluded that women, poor, Dalits and disadvantaged communities are severely vulnerable to the effects of climate change in the Nepalese context. Therefore, Climate change adaptation and mitigation are now becoming the key concerns of governments at a global level. As a poor and mountainous country, Nepal is already being disproportionately affected by the impacts of human-induced global climate change and the impacts are being observed on those priority sectors identified by NAPA. Therefore, there is an urgent need to address the climate change issues by developing climate resilience of vulnerable communities through integrating climate change adaptation activities and initiatives in the mainstream of local development.
Type of Action
Awareness and education
Sustainable Development Element
The term climate change was first used by Svante August Arrhenius (a Swish scientist, one of the founders of physical chemistry; received Nobel prize in 1903 for his prediction of global warming due to excess uses of fossil fuels and resulted in the change in climatic pattern) during 1896. Since past couple of decades, visible impacts and repercussions of climate change have been rampantly observed globally. As per the maple ranking, Nepal is ranked in the fourth climate affected country in the world. As the effect/ impacts of climate change have severely altered the context of livelihood options, poor, women and the socially excluded segment of societies are severely affected in Nepalese context.
Sustainable Development Impacts
As the effect/ impacts of climate change have severely altered the context of livelihood options, poor, women and the socially excluded segment of societies are severely affected in Nepalese context. Studies have further substantiated it by proving facts and figures that changes in climatic factors have directly affect their overall livelihood and wellbeing. On the other hand, the majority of Nepalese rural communities tangibly depends on different forms of ecosystem services for their daily livelihood opportunities. The changing climatic factors mainly the rainfalls and temperatures have put a number of people at higher risk than ever before.
It is obvious that both CAPA and LAPA preparation process had finished in the time of previous project period. At the time of LAPA / CAPA preparation period, it deemed rigorous community participation and ownership. Hence, the participatory approach would be an aphorism for the implementation of this project. After staff recruitment set up offices for this project district level startup workshop would be conducted which would final the process of LAPA/ CAPA implementation.
The practices of in situ conservation and promotion of indigenous, knowledge, crop varieties, and technology would be very beneficial for diversifying livelihood options of vulnerable communities. The mobilisation of electronic and print media for wider dissemination of good practices and innovative technologies as well as the results of different action research on the effectiveness of two different approaches i.e. LAPA to CAPA and/or CAPA to LAPA.
LAPAs/CAPAs prepared and implemented so far have not gone through adequate processes and analysis which created the dilemma that what is the difference between local disaster risk management plan (LDRMP) and CAPA/LAPA. Those steps/process and analysis parts most commonly lacked are: analysis of climatic data, scenario planning, analysing the feasibility of explored adaptation activities with scenario planning; those have been clearly mentioned in the National framework of LAPA, Nepal. We would like to suggest to mentioned some indicators or points of a standard CAPA/LAPA in such calls It can re[plicability.
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