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Traditional bio-cultural diversity and regenerating local natural resources for livelihood

About the Implementing organization

Name: Society for Wetland Biodiversity Conservation Nepal

Country: Nepal

Year of establishment: 2005

Type of organization: Indigenous group or organization



The traditional bio-cultural diversity based natural resources regenerating initiative has been designed in indigenous peoples participatory approach with full and effective participation with regenerating, restoration, protection, customary sustainable use, water and food security in remote areas in Nepal. Also, it has been established a environmental sound agricultural ecosystem, agro-forestry system, well creating micro-climate, recycling and also create local livelihood, socio-economic uplift such as farm tourism or ecotourism promotion. Similarly, the initiative become a learning center for researcher, NGO/INGO and governmental line agencies, media personnel. Also, the initiative is the module for traditional bio-cultural diversity affinity with harmony of Nature, traditional knowledge, practices, techniques, local technology, religious and spiritual, folklore, folk culture, dance and activities associated with biodiversity, species and expressions are different that others and it is more likely to promote in other areas for restoration, conservation and sustainable use to adapt sustainable millennium development goals. It has play vital role to create a good or favorable habitats of many wildlife which is the positive contribution of the initiative need to be taking account support for promotion or replicate of the initiative. The module is indirectly supporting to keep local environment clean and to raise awareness, empower and capacity building.

Nature Element

Forests / Mountains / Wetlands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Health / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The aims and objectives of the initiative to restore and regenerate natural resources including forests, wetlands, water sources, agro- forestry, food and water security for the indigenous and local communities in the rural peoples in Nepal. The activities reforest or replant on the farm fallow land, or unproductive sides, terraced farming with ally cropping, hedge row with animal husbandry to improve soil health and create micro-climate for environmental sound indigenous farming initiation with incorporating traditional knowledge, practices, traditions, local customs, customary system of indigenous peoples and local community. The Initiative brought back good agricultural ecosystem with innovative manner to protect wildlife habitats, restore and generate numerous wild vegetables, medicinal herbs, Yams, brooms, bamboo forest, farm forest, wild vegetables, fruits, cultural and religious herbs and organic foods, home stay ecotourism, local socio-economy and sustainable use.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The initiative created a positive social or public attitude toward natural resources regenerating, restore, protect, keep environmental sound, promote traditional bio-cultural diversity, traditional knowledge, and practices and socio-cultural behavior on customary Sustainable use of biodiversity, forest, water, regulate traditional knowledge, practices, revive natural resources with water and food security, restore forest and wetland ecosystem, and local self-sufficient livelihood are the signal to adapt the sustainable millennium development goal in local level.


The initiative has been become a learning center for researcher where as many master and PhD students from National and international completed the studies. Similarly, NGOs/INGOs workers including Governmental agencies also are using the demonstration of the initiative to learn or have trained the adaptation of the principles and philosophy of the traditional bio-cultural diversity, regenerating and restoration of natural resources of the collective efforts of the indigenous nationalities for food and water security, local economy, livelihoods, farm or ecotourism. Also, it has been created a good habitats for wildlife. Therefore, it is why it has been expanded in other parts of the country and academically acknowledged the contribution of the indigenous for conservation and customary sustainable use.


The successive her hero stories such as module of restoration, regenerating, protection, sustainable management incorporating traditional bio-cultural knowledge, traditions, practices, culture, folklore and collective actions, mutual learning, multi-stakeholder process, institutional and academic and scientifically approved methods of indigenous peoples participatory approaches have certainly traditional values deeply rooted in society. The principle and philosophy are solely consolidated with the sustainable millennium development goal. Therefore, mutual or participatory approach has been replicated or promote the knowledge and practices. Journalists are taking message or news can be discriminated the successive cases. Researchers are taking care of the promoting the outcomes of the initiative in their professional.

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