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Deforestation and degradation rate through community forest land allocation

About the Implementing organization

Name: Dalit Alliance for Natural Resources(DANAR)-Nepal

Country: Nepal

Year of establishment: 2009

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Legally recognized non-profit status / Community enterprise or business / Indigenous group or organization / Ethnic minority group or association


Deforestation and forest degradation are still major challenges for Nepal because many poor forest dwellers use the excessive amount of forest, which has damaged its ecosystem and reproductivity. Concerns for their action might be apparent, however, their limited resources disable them from choosing other means of income generation. DANAR has been using CFLA program to build dynamic interdependency between the life of forest and forest users while collaborating with other stakeholders to address the root causes of illicit activities. These are reforestation of barren land and building the capacity of poor people for their empowerment. For future consideration of the initiative, this initiation could explore possibilities of community entrepreneurship, the sale of forest products and flowers in the local market of the big festival Dashain and Tihar might be interesting to experiment with the uncharted creativity of community entrepreneurship, because currently the festival imports flowers from India. This would not disrespect values of economic relations with India, however, it could stimulate confidence of community to support their needs-fulfillment by gardening and other methods of community empowerment.
It is worth to invest in available natural resources such as barren land to rebuild the community-centered economy that is critically needed in Nepal when the issue of migration, political instability, and centralization arising from lack of the platforms for sustainable community development.

Nature Element


Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

Community Forest Land Allocation (CFLA) program is one of the successful and sustainable solutions to deforestation and forest degradation in Nepal. The past CFLA program, which was experimented in a remote village in the Parbat district, illustrates the inherent nature of creativity and applicability in use of forest resources for sustainable development. Mr. Sunil Kumar Pariyar as social mobiliser took part in the initiative supported by the Livelihood and Forestry Program (LFP). The purpose of the CFLA program was twofold: (1) allocation of barren land to the economically marginalized populations, who used it to grass for livestock and to grow vegetables for economic capacity-building and (2) plantation of trees to increase in the area of forest land and to restore its biodiversity that sustainable life of forest and forest users. Our innovative capacity of sustainable approaches to development has grown through the CFLA program.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The CFLA has contributed to increasing the area of forest to 44.74%. CFLA is also one of the elements which are identified as the activity for the sustainable management of forest resources in Nepal. Community participation for the sustainable forest is important for the forest conservation. We the community people can save and contribute to forest conservation.
This program has support for sustainable development goals through forestry sector.


DANAR has played a vital role in endorsing the equitable use of community forest, especially for protecting the forest right of the most marginalized in Nepal. Firstly, the Community Forest Land Allocation (CFLA) program was implemented in Dhaireni Community Forest, the Parbat district, then the similar program was demanded by the other community forest area such as Jhauri Community Forest. After years of its advocacy and collaboration with other development organizations, the Nepali government recognized the work of DANAR in Community Forest Guidelines 2009. Since then, the program has expanded to other districts. The program is now widely used in various districts by the annual program of the District Forest Office of the Nepali government. Among them, the CFLA program in Pragatishil Community Forest and Amarjyoti Community Forest particularly illustrate substantive implications for effective community forestry.


To replicate the program in the Bhuyari Community Forest Keshavtar 03, Tanahun has also planted orange saplings on the barren land of the community forest area. The group is formed with 25 members of youth (20 females and 5 male).
This program is also being replicated by the government. We also did the same in Kaski and Nawalparashi CFLA.

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