Nigeria Placeholder

Reduce conflict with protected area authority over forest resource use in the park

About the Implementing organization

Name: The Okwangwo Conservation Society (TOCS)

Country: Nigeria

Year of establishment: 2000

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Legally recognized non-profit status / Indigenous group or organization


The okwangwo conservation Society Identified key non-timber forest products (NTFPs) collected from the wild by local people. NTFPs collection remained the major source of income for women. It is collected and use as vegegatable and also for sale to allien traders to generate income. Our previous survey show that about 70% of annual income in all households is from NTFPs. The demand of Afang (Gnetum africana) and Bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) from cities is high. Our organisation established a tree nursery where seedlings were collected for the purpose of domestication. About 6,000 seedlings of bush mango and 4000 seedlings of afang were raised in three enclave communities with 120 women. The seedlings were sold to community members to plant in community farmlands while few were used by the beneficiaries to establish their farms. Income was generated by women through sell of seeds. The mature seedlings will provide income for the community and prevent them from entering the park. The women were trained on compost manure, nursery techniques and transplanting. The action is innovative because is the first of it kind for community to work towards avoiding conflict by finding simple solution such as this and providing opportunity for them to learn on how to domesticate non-timber forest product using propagators

Nature Element


Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The planted 6000 bush mango seedlings when grown to mature trees will contribute in regulation carbon emmission while also providing economic benefit to local people.The domestication of over exploited non-timber forest products has help to remove disturbance from wildlife habitat and destruction of forest during harvesting which always led to felling of trees to obtain afang leaves, Afang is a creeping climber aften attached to trees. This causes damage to forest as many tree with afang climbers will be fell to obtain the leaves. Collection of others NTFPs like bush mango, bush onion, bitter kola reduces animals food in the wild. Domestication has help to restored the dwindled forest resources.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The domestication of non-timber forest product will continue providing income for rural dwellers through sales of harvested products. It provide employment opportunity and their ability to manage and sustain the profitable micro enterprise. The capacity of the women has been built through training on nursery management to planting methodology and maintenance. It will as well contribute in poverty reduction and provide food and income for household use. This will continue generating income for local people without creating negative impact on environment.


This action started with a small group in the society and in a society where everybody depends on forest and it resources, it become necessary to expand the project to include evry resource users. Forest communities have notice that forest resources are depleting and solution is needed to save their livelihoods. NTFPs domestication remain the only option to save the dwindling forest resources. Though this action may not be noticeable by ouside world for now but we strongly believed that neighbouring communities will find this useful and will certainly replicate this. Our radio program will Local FM station in Ikom discusses this activities. We believed that the idea will reach other forest communities with simelar problems


There was no other option to avoid conflict with protected Area Authority or avoid depletion of non-timber forest product in the wild. It became necessary for us to solve this problem through this action. The method is simple to implement and easy to start. The community members have learn how to prepare a propagator for afang cultivation, collection of viable see, how to prepare nursery beds and tranfer germinated seeds into polythene bags and when it is due to transplant to the field. It was easy to learn and men has replicated all the nursery strategies adopted by women. Both youth has seen this NTFPs domestication methods as a good idea they can eliminate conflict with protected Area authority as way out. University Students from department of forestry and wildlife who often visit our organisation has seen this innovation as worthwhile and are spreading our vision to the world.

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