Building of rope-way for material transportation
About the Implementing organization
Name: Conservation Area Management Committee (CAMC), Bhujung, Lamjung
Year of establishment: 1993
Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Community enterprise or business / Cooperative business / Women’s association or organization / Indigenous group or organization / Ethnic minority group or association
Bhujung village lies in the hilly region of Nepal, with steppe and harsh topographic conditions. Traveling from one location to another is often difficult and time-consuming, especially to agricultural fields as they are usually far away from residential areas. The CAMC with financial support from Nepal- Japan friendship association and ACAP 3 ropeways were constructed for material transportation from Bhujung village to the agricultural fields from 2009 to 2011. 1,193-meter long ropeway with two material blocks from Pargoche to Dhimje, 888-meter long ropeway from Ngracho to Talkyo and 1,042-meter long ropeway from Phorcho to Kauro Pakha are currently helping local communities of this VDC. This is the first ropeway in Nepal constructed for the sole purpose of transportation of agricultural materials. There is a Ropeway Management Sub-Committee (RWMSC) formed under CAMC Bhujung, which manages the day-to-day activities of ropeway system and collection of revenue. The revenue generated is managed by RWMSC and used for management of equipment, hiring of staffs and investment into community activities. The building of ropeways has been a huge benefit to local communities as they are able to save time, manpower and energy. The tools and equipment which should have been carried using farm animals or farmers themselves can now be easily shipped to the field. This has provided the community with ample opportunities for various agricultural practices using modern tools.
Forests / Wildlife
Type of Action
Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education
Sustainable Development Element
Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Health / Climate action
The establishment of ropeway has led to saving of time for local community whose most used livelihood practice is agriculture. The community is now using that saved time by involving themselves into CAMC activities of natural resource conservation and community development. Usage of new approaches of agroforestry such as cardamom farming, NTFP plantation and harvesting, and tea farming is now possible due to ease of access to agricultural land which has contributed to natural resource conservation such as cardamom farming resulting in tree plantation. The revenue collected from the ropeway is utilized into the CAMC activities for conservation of wildlife and environment. All these activities and enterprises are carried out with natural resource conservation as the top priority. Construction of ropeways has also decreased the possibility of deforestation and landslides as the roads needed to be built to reach the agricultural lands for materials transportation is no longer a necessity.
Sustainable Development Impacts
With the ease of access, people are using modern agricultural farming systems, combining them with traditional ones which have increased the productivity. Most of the food products produced is consumed internally either by the people or by tourists. Opportunities to get involved in other economic activities have also increased which has resulted in the increase of economic benefit to the community. Various enterprises for tourism based activities, home-stay, livelihood activities etc. has flourished in this area. The economic standard of the local community has thus increased. The infrastructure required for these enterprises are being constructed using local materials and modern technologies, hygiene and sanitation standard has also increased. In coordination with ACAP and other stakeholders, CAMC has been working towards various sustainable development programs. The revenue generated from ropeways is also invested in these programs and activities.
The ropeways used in Bhujung are on a small scale with basic infrastructure essential for functioning. The benefits of the ropeways have been effective in this area however only on a local scale. If this can be expanded to the larger level connecting rope-ways between VDCs and Districts, the benefits can also be increased. The agricultural materials, equipment, vegetables, and crops can only be transported from village to fields and vice versa. If these could be transported into other VDCs, districts then farmers can be encouraged into engage in large-scale agricultural farming as they will have access to new markets, new technologies, and good price.
Nepal is a country which has harsh topographic features with areas covered mostly by hills and mountains. The infrastructure of roads and transportation is not adequate. In this context, the construction of ropeways in various location of Nepal can be helpful in the development of the area as well as increasing the economic standard of the area. With basic training on ropeways machines and equipment, the management can be carried out on a local level, which can be used effectively in many remote areas. As most of the population in Nepal is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, using ropeways can result in huge profit for farmers and motivate others to do so.
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