Kenya Placeholder

Conservation Scheme Agreements for Incentive Based Conservation

About the Implementing organization

Name: Ecofinder Kenya

Country: Kenya

Year of establishment: 1995

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status


Ecofinder Kenya developed yet another model of conservation and this involved the setting up of selected conservation and sustainable development driven community members as Model Farmers who are the Village Hubs for the facilitation of alternative livelihoods innovation in the communities. This includes the drawing up of a conservation Scheme Agreement which is contract between Ecofinder Kenya on behalf of the Natural Environment and the Model farmer, in the presence of a respectful third party as a witness and an official from the Village Environmental Committee. The CSA details responsibilities of both parties towards achieving conservation of the wetlands. The approach taken by this model is the facilitation of alternative livelihoods to the existing ones which are harmful to the wetlands due to over exploitation and pollution. Their green technologies include hybrid fee bio-gas production by the use of human excreta and cow dung for cooking and slurry for use in the farms as organic manure, the use of ecological sanitation toilets for composting, sustainable agriculture and the use of solar energy and efficient cook stoves. On provision of these, the model farmers are equivalently charges with the responsibility of knowledge sharing and holding demonstrations and advocating for the adoption of these green technologies through out their respective communities so as to save the wetlands from further destruction.

Nature Element

Wetlands / Wildlife

Type of Action

Restoration / Sustainable use / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Renewable energy

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

Through this action, Ecofinder Kenya has been able to lessen the dependence on the wetlands resources for fuel, pollution from using fertilizers. The use of ecosan toilets also lessens wetland and Lake Pollution because during flooding seasons, pit latrines which are common in the villages collapse and all the waste is drained into the lake and the wetlands. Sustainable Agriculture has also reduced encroachment into the wetlands for farming which in turn reduces Human Wildlife Conflicts and hence saves many wild hippos, wild pigs, Sitatunga antelopes and birds from being killed.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Distribution of Solar Lamps led to the creation of Solar Lamp Entrepreneurs thereby employing many locals in the communities. Sustainable farming has improved farm yield which has helped boost up the agricultural businesses of the locals as well as providing better food security.


This action can be scaled by establishing more model farmers in different sections of the wetland communities and development of even more affordable technologies especially during installation so as to grow the number of people adopt them and thereby achieve better results in a much bigger scale.


This Model was also piloted first in one wetland community but has since been replicated in three more communities and the results are equally exceptional. Replication involves following the set up processes in all the other wetland communities, which includes mobilization of community members and recruitment using a set of pre developed selection criteria as a guideline. Ensuring proper advocacy and promotion of the technologies is being conducted and that as many community members as possible have access to the model farmers, and this thus speaks to proper positioning and selection.

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