Iran, Islamic Republic of Placeholder
Iran, Islamic Republic of

Hanar system

About the Implementing organization

Name: Abolhassani Indigenous Nomadic Tribal Confederacy

Country: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Year of establishment: 2010

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization


The Abolhasani have reinstituted a pastoralist tradition called hanar—watering the animals once every two days instead of everyday during the cooler autumn and winter seasons. It saves water and allows the animals to go twice as far without needing to be watered, thereby relieving pressure on natural range due to better distribution of grazing. The revival of the hanar system has also facilitated sharing available water sources effectively between livestock and wildlife, as the former are watered around mid-day, while wildlife get to these watering points at daybreak and sunset. In their newly learned agriculture, they are keen to eliminate use of agrochemicals as most of the parts of the plants is now used for feeding animals.

Nature Element


Type of Action

Sustainable use

Sustainable Development Element

Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Peace and security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The water supply has been redesigned and optimized thanks to the restoration of Qanats, to digging open storage tanks and cisterns.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The territory of Abolhassani confederacy is a high endemicity centre with remarkably high animal and plant biodiversity. An estimated 800 plant species have been identified, with more than 20% endemic and some still unknown species. There is an exceptional diversity of wildlife including the endangered Asiatic cheetah, Asiatic wild ass (onager), Iranian leopard, Houbara bustard, gazelles, and others. Wildlife is considered as a general indicator: when it is present, the weather is mild. This is a component of the reasons why the Abolhassani rarely hunt animals and respect the daily division of their water sources between wildlife and livestock—facilitated by the improvement of water supply and management system. One of the most effective signs of the resilience and adaptability of this indigenous nomadic tribe is that despite the worsened drought situation, their population has remained stable.


The use of the hanar system, aiming at water security and coping with drought in the dry area. The community, conserve the soil of their rangelands by prevents daily soil pummeling and also their livestock practice disaster risk reduction and don't lose weight in this situation because they are going to farther rangelands and can find vegetation to graze and shows their local breeds resilience in accordance with climate action. Thus, they make area secure place for wildlife.


By this pattern, and this type of knowledge and resilience that this community has to cope with Climate Change, the community's representative Mr Reza Salehi present their experince in some international events. In the World Parks Congress (WPC), Sydney, Australia, 2014 in the Life Stream and Resilience Stream Mr Salehi had two presentations and explained their watering system as a successful practice to community's resilience.

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