Thailand Placeholder

Community-based natural resources management

About the Implementing organization

Name: Community Mangrove Forest Conservation of Baan (village) Bang La

Country: Thailand

Year of establishment: 1993

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Women’s association or organization


Under Baan Bangla community-based natural resources management, there are innovative strategies;
- zoning mangrove forests into 1) strictly conservation zone 2) community utilities 3) reforested zone
- community management plan and laws, i.e., in the community utilities zone if villagers cuts 1 tree, they must replant 5 tress, for instance.
- set strategic flagship species as being the incentive tool for conserving the holistic ecosystem service and biodiversity
- youth and women empowerment and creativity for social awareness and participation in wider public. The youths and women are also in the core leaders group. The community effort will be passed on to future generations. The creativity they perform is like a traditional dance,role-play, singing, song composing and making a speech.
- set the goal to be a coastal community resilience to climate change, risk and disaster, and rapid/ unplanned urbanization. This makes the community movement powerful and aligned in sustainable development area.

Nature Element

Forests / Oceans / Coasts / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Disaster risk reduction / Renewable energy / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

- The flagship species, Phuket Sea Otters-local small-clawed sea otter, which were gone for 20 years, has returned to the mangrove area and increased in number. Their habitats are restored and protected. Their sources of food such as clams and sea grasses are also conserved in the demarcated zone. Also, the mangrove plant species, Bruguiera sexangula, is an effective tool to raise a social awareness as it has been there only one of kind. This results to the healthy ecosystem and rich biodiversity with more than two hundred kinds of native flora and fauna species, e.g. horse mussel, cerith snail, clam, blue swimming crab, banana prawn, sea grass and coastal coral reefs.

- A doubling of the fish catch, evidence of improving mangrove productivity. This is proved that there is a well balance of sustainable use of ecosystem services to make a well-being coastal livelihood and healthy coastal and marine resources.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Aside from the mangrove forest management and conservation, to be a coastal community resilience, the community has learned how to run the eco-tourism, practice organic farming and install low carbon emission and renewable energy technologies such as solar cell and biogas. Waste management is also brought to community discussion and management.


With the rare species, Phuket sea otters, the Phuket Marine Biological Center has focused on it and called community for protection. As well, the Learning Promotion Unit of Phuket Mangrove Resources development Station selected Baan Bangla as a learning centre for indigenous knowledge about mangroves in Phuket province. Members of youth groups of various ages were invited to take part in community activities such as replanting and breeding of mangrove crabs.


The community's good practice and lesson learned is also shared among other coastal communities through the exchange forum of Mangroves for the Future and GEF Small Grants Programme. Some communities would find the landmark or flagship species to be an incentive tool for their conserved landscape.

The creativity of youth and women engagement is also motivational. As to the food security is concerned, cooking and creating local food recipes from mangrove resources is also a tangible method and remarkable to replicate as strategic action.

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