Philippines Placeholder

Municpal MPA Network

About the Implementing organization

Name: DALUHAY ~ Daloy ng Buhay

Country: Philippines

Year of establishment: 2010

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization / Legally recognized non-profit status


In many Philippine municipalities, there is a focus of having one MPA or possibly a second in another Barangay. In this program, there is a focus on developing a system of MPAs across the Municipality, with specific functions for specific habitats; turtle sanctuaries, seagrass areas, mangroves, no-take areas etc. Our ongoing collaborative program is focused on developing this MPAs network so that the individual PAs complement each other and the Network itself becomes something more than the sum of its individual sites. This was recognized in San Luis winning the best CRM Program in Region 3. A significant part of the innovation involves the inclusive nature of the program, working Ridge to Reef through forests, agricultural and marine ecosystems in a multi-ecosystem centered, community-based development design. The program places emphasis on getting coastal residents from remote settings into the national mainstream of CRM, in itself an innovation in adaptive planning and communication. Fisheries are most often seen as a consideration for men, but in this initiative, the two key additional sectors of women and youth have been engaged. For example, a local youth group was the primary host for the pilot tourism visit with international travellers that was organized as part of the 2011 project funded by the Canadian Government. Further, women equally engage in the development of the coastal Local Community Facilitator Network for San Luis. CRM has been made a community action.

Nature Element

Forests / Oceans / Coasts / Mountains / Wetlands / Rivers

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Mainstreaming into sectors / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Peace and security / Health

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

This CRM Collaborative initiative has revolved around the concept of sustainability, conserving the environment and resource management. The experience that has been provided for local residents as part of this process prepares San Luis to take a leadership role in Benham Rise development, inclusive of possible development of an offshore MPA in the area that we have named: 'the tuna triangle' because it has the highest rate of tuna larva of any area in Philippine waters. Rain forestation efforts have been broadly based so as to develop the community's capacity to construct, operate and financially manage native tree nurseries. Training extends into financial management to give the community's the capacity to partner with other national and international agencies on further rain forestation. All of these activities are being transferred down into the local school system to create new generations working for conservation and sustainability.

Sustainable Development Impacts

The impacts of the Sustainable Development (SD) actions in this collaborative program are primarily bimodal with strategies moving to encompass community development. On one end of the spectrum, the program is working directly on the sustainability of resources through such initiatives as rain forestation and the development of MPA networks and related Management Plans. At the same time, the program is engaging the youth of coastal and inland San Luis to become aware and engaged in CRM. As a cross-cutting theme the initiative is focussing on the inclusion of women as equal partners in the CRM approach linking them directly to the food resources upon which they are often, in many cases always required produce the food on the table and balance the nutrition of their family and community. Finally, the development of coastal, remote community financial management sand bank account skills provides access to both larger projects and opens the door to small enterprise credit.


The San Luis program has a natural connection to scaling up through the extensive work of Daluhay on Bioregional approaches, specifically across the Northern Philippine Sea (NPS), one of 6 national bioregions (Ayala, J, Bautista, P, Pajaro, M, Raquino, M, & Watts, P, 2016. Philippine Coastal Resource Management: Cultural Ecology, Subsidiarity and Education – A Pilot Study. (UNESCO) International Review of Education – Journal of Lifelong Learning. DOI 10.1007/s11159-016-9546-9; Pajaro, M, P. Watts & J. Ampa. 2013. The Northern Philippine Sea ~ A Bioregional Development Communication Strategy. Social Science Diliman: 9(20) 49-72. ISSN 2012-0796 Online). The San Luis approach, acknowledging plural governance, dealing with peace and order, while advancing environmental and food security sustainability form a template for an additional UNDP - NPS project in partnership with the UP-based Marine Environment Research Foundation. The goal is to Network across the bioregion as a national model.


The collaborative program can be replicated, in part through the system of publications that systematically describe the process as it evolves. Ongoing efforts in this area will include a Monograph of San Luis Aurora CRM - with emphasis on the Ridge to Reef approach, involvement of IP and engagement dow through the school program. Linked efforts to the collaboration include Daluhay's leadership role under the Green Jobs Act (RA 10771) to develop training regulations (TRs) in partnership with the Teaching and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). These TRs will not only provide training for fisherfolk, but for all coastal residents as part of the preparation for change regarding climate shift. The initial step in this process has involved deeper cultural engagement through Social Artistry led by Philippine icon, Mr Joey Ayala. A combination of Arts and Science was used to draft the Functional Analysis of initial TR for NC I certification and the process will be continued up to NC IV.

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