Nature Based Solution for Climate Change Mitigation

June 22, 2017

Uganda Placeholder

Nature Based Solution for Climate Change Mitigation

About the Implementing organization

Name: TGB Mt. Elgon Farmers Group

Country: Uganda

Year of establishment: 2008

Type of organization: Indigenous group or organization


TGB is a market solution that seeks to reduce unsustainable exploitation of forest resources and the decline of ecosystem quality, while diversifying and increasing incomes for rural farm families. The structure of payments allows farmers to consider long-term investment horizons, using part of their land to develop assets which not only provide short -term cash and needed livelihood inputs but also long-term benefits from materials and income that can be enjoyed in the future.

Carbon offsets are generated as verifiable voluntary emission reductions, which combine carbon sequestration with rural livelihood improvements through small-scale, farmer led, forestry/agroforestry projects while reducing pressure on natural resources in national parks and forest reserves. The enterprise provides high value CO2 credits with a risk buffer, risk fund, quality control in monitoring. The enterprise operates in a very transparent system where credits are issued in a registry. The entire process is subject to third party verification to ensure accuracy of data supplied in the registry in compliance with the plan vivo and general international standards. The last verification was conducted by Rainforest Alliance in 2013.

The project delivers carbon emission reduction units with co-benefits. By targeting the poorest of the poor, the least contributor to climate change, yet the most vulnerable, the project creates some climate justice.

Nature Element

Forests / Mountains / Wetlands

Type of Action

Restoration / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing / Pollution prevention, clean up

Sustainable Development Element

Food security / Health / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

Carbon sequestration / emission reduction benefits are generated by a suite of land-use activities involving: Improved Forest Management, Afforestation and reforestation as well as Agroforestry. These activities help the farmer to integrate tree planting as a livelihood strategy reducing dependency of weather dependent crops.

The project is currently focusing on development of agroforestry systems of mixed native and naturalized tree species on smallholder lands as well as improved forest management for community forestry. Agroforestry mainly involves the planting of native and / or naturalized hard wood and fruit tree species on private land.

Reducing CO2 emissions and mitigating climate change by planting trees: The initiative is currently recruiting farmers equivalent to 100,000 tCO2 reductions.

Conservation of threatened indigenous tree species and increase in tree diversity & coverage.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Improved Livelihoods. 3000 new households with reduced sickness, 3000 new households with improved access to education.

Creating new job opportunities in local areas. At least 1,000 new job opportunities created in the rural areas

Social cohesion. 6,000 households actively participating in group activities
Gender Equity. 2,400 women owned enterprises, 30 women top leaders.5000 women participating in land use decision making.

Increasing the local and international visibility of communities to decision makers and governments. 1,000 farmers participating in local, national and international climate change meetings/workshops

Adaptation to climate change.
Conservation of threatened indigenous tree species.

increase tree diversity & coverage.
Reduced run off & erosion

Established market linkages for farmer products: At least 15 groups supported to access better (fair trade/ethical) nationwide & international markets (carbon, tourism and agricultural produce)


Through building partnerships with local CBOs, NGOs, Local Governments, this tree growing initiative has expanded to 10 districts around Uganda.


The initiative builds partnerships with local CBOs, NGOs, Local Governments to implement the project depending on the local needs and capacities. In the Northern Uganda for example, Tree Talk, a program of the Straight Talk Foundation, provides the field coordination and nursery work. In Eastern Uganda around Mt. Elgon, the project is partnering with the local government in the districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa. In Western Uganda, the project is working with local community – based organizations e.g. Bitereko Women’s group.

ECOTRUST acts as Project coordinator acting as fund manager, providing overall coordination of carbon offset activities including liaison with buyers, third party verifiers and plan vivo foundation, acting as a central archive and clearinghouse for all documentation and data generated by the project as well as capacity building of project implementers.

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