Day 5 - February 10, 2004
One of the most important activities of the day was the "Local Global Leaders' Dialogue", which took place in the Kampung following lunch. For a full report on the Dialogue, please visit here.
Other daily activities are discussed at length below.
The day began with community delegates forming and then dividing into the following working groups:
1. Community Based Conservation and Resource use, Eco-management
2. Capacity Building , technology transfer
3. Protected Area Management and people displacement
4. Information and Traditional Knowledge sharing and right
5. Ecologically Sustainable Business
Delegates then attended a special Mobile and Indigenous Peoples lecture, which addressed issues of marginalization, pastoral societies, and nomadic lifestyles. During the presentation, the point was made that water nomads - those who travel nomadically on water routes - can benefit from the work of other nomadic people, but are rarely included in the broader discussion. Particular attention was also placed on resolving water disputes and agreements for water and resource sharing between African countries. Mobile peoples groups from many areas (such as Mongolia , Nothern Kenya , Ethiopia , Senegal , and Iran ) addressed the crowd and the delegates were able to tackle a variety of issues and learn about the successes and lessons from previous conservation efforts in these areas.
One of the groups that led the discussion, the Adama Ly (a group of Senegalese herders), has successfully tackled the overall objectives of sustainable use of water and forage resources. They argued that the necessary solution to the poorly designated game reserves in their region of Africa is the opening of an area called the Ferlo-Niokolo-Koba Corridor. This corridor would help relieve over use of areas outside the game reserve and restore traditional migratory paths and financial stability.
Delegates also were shown a striking movie produced by the Nomadic herders of Iran . The movie focused primarily on the issues surrounding the management of national parks and the implementation of traditional conservation practices.
The day continued with the second lecture in the "Institute@ the Community Kampung" series. In this installment, Dr. Sundari Ramakrishma from Wetlands International, Malaysia conducted a training seminar addressing ecotourism. Participants learned how to organize teams for the purposes of guiding and addressed management skills, small business skills, and marketing skills. Although many participants have extensive knowledge in the area of ecotourism, they still felt they learned valuable skills to share with their home communities.
One of the participants, Abiyo Helen Bandash, representing KAFRED of Uganda, has 13 years experience in ecotourism. Her community of women uses grasses obtained from the nearby wetlands to make baskets and other items to sell to tourists visiting the nearby game reserve. Additionally, the women work collaboratively to provide tours of their village and can arrange home-stays for those who are interested. Otherwise visitors stay in accommodation that is affiliated with the game reserve. Helen and others in the group had much to teach other participants and contributed greatly to the continuing success of the series.