Community Based Approach to Conservation

August 3, 2017

Uganda Placeholder

Community Based Approach to Conservation

About the Implementing organization

Name: Chimpanzee Sanctuary and Wildlife Conservation Trust (Chimpanzee Trust)

Country: Uganda

Year of establishment: 1998

Type of organization: Legally recognized non-profit status


In Uganda, its recorded that more wildlife including endangered species as chimpanzees are found outside the protected areas and there are no strategies being used to address the protection and conservation of wildlife outside the protected areas. The norm was always to protect wildlife through the gazettement of protected areas and protected area management systems.

Chimpanzee Trust designed an integrated program that provides the community with information, knowledge and skills to manage their lives and improve their economic, social and environmental status. The targeted community are those in the Albertine Rift landscape in Uganda, which is the area with the highest biodiversity in Africa.and the wild chimpanzee population in Uganda and specifically providing a solution to managing wildlife out side the protected areas on communal and private lands, which are productive lands. In addition, managing of the welfare of the rescued chimpanzees.

The community based approach saw a selection of youth (men and women aged between 23 to 30 years) trained and equipped with wildlife conservation information and knowledge, skilled with data collection skills and other skills, enterprises development and business management (bee keeping, commercial tree seedlings projects, mushroom growing, community tourism) that supports the improvement of the people's livelihood and cultural understanding that promotes pro wildlife conservation cultural values.

Nature Element

Forests / Wetlands / Rivers / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Pollution prevention / clean up / Awareness and education

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Health / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The forests, wildlife, rivers and wetlands in the district of Hoima were inventoried and a monitoring system with the community monitors was established for its protection and conservation. Each sub county has two community monitors who undertake daily monitoring of the natural resources and provide monthly reports that are input in a data system and shared with the National Biodiversity Data Bank. There are 24 community monitors covering 12 sub counties, 70 villages and two districts.

A survey undertaken of the chimpanzees on private forests in the landscape indicated that there are 300 wild chimpanzees in the area. The 300 chimpanzees are protected because of the daily monitoring.

Every year, a total of 20,000 tree seedlings were distributed and planted in the degraded forests or in areas where the community were willing to plant and Technical forestry support provided.

Conservation farming practice was taught to 200 households to the community to reduce on deforestation.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Forest based enterprises were developed to provide for improved livelihood of the community long term, for sustainability.

The development of energy saving stoves and woodlots ensures sustainability of the forest use.

Environmental education to the children through schools provides the foundation for best practices and sustainability. as the children will grow to be adults with the right attitude, knowledge and skills.

The various skills provided to the youth, women, men and all the others members of the community is a capacity that has remained with them and will be used for the rest of their lives and some are also trained as trainers and continue to train others with the same skills.

Promoted the cultural norms and values that conserve cultural heritage and promotes environmental conservation.

Jobs were provided to the project staff and other part time needs of the project activities.




The Chimpanzee Trust found the approach to be success in ensuring conservation of wildlife outside protected areas and shared the experience at a national that level that has enabled other conservation organisations take on the same approach. This has expanded beyond the work of Chimpanzee Trust and the sites that Chimpanzee Trust operates in.


Due to the success of having communities learn to take lead on managing their own resources including natural resources, the structure upon which the community is organised can be used anywhere and has seen been adopted by other conservation organisations working in different sites in Uganda.

The same approach can be replicated in any other country because it is an approach that engages the community, gets them to take ownership and there after be responsible to undertake the required action

Share this solution:



Equator Blog

About Equator Initiative 

Contact Us

Follow Us: