Integrating business element to address poverty, hunger and environmental issues facing local communities adjacent to the protected Bwindi National park.

August 3, 2017

Uganda Placeholder

Integrating business element to address poverty, hunger and environmental issues facing local communities adjacent to the protected Bwindi National park.

About the Implementing organization

Name: Community Initiatives for Biodiversity Conservation (CIBIC)

Country: Uganda

Year of establishment: 2012

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization, Legally recognized non-profit status, Indigenous group or organization, Ethnic minority group or association, Youth group or association


The Innovation Integrates business element to address poverty, hunger and environmental issues facing local communities adjacent to the protected Bwindi National park. The fact people were evicted from Bwindi National park and animals raids crops of people adjacent to the park, though upon eviction they expected to be better which never happened but poverty instead. The Innovation takes the opportunity that the investors from over the world created lodges for gorilla tourism visitors created an opportunity where people can produce foods and crafts and sale to those lodges. Also after understanding that people in this area are traditionally subsitance farmers, food gathers and hunter, improving and introducing farming was a sure deal opportunity to persuade people not think about poaching anymore but to concentrate on market gardening enterprises like growing vegetables, fish, mushrooms, bee keeping and piggery with greatest demand in the growing local market. Because people now understand that when they grow crops they will get food, sale for income helping them to get school fees for their children, this has changed their mind set of looking at conservation as a wasted land but a blessing. This creates a situation where community is self motivated to contribute to conservation of nature and people became happy for care takers of their natural resource. This helps conservation organisations and government to invest in less resources in protecting the park against poachers and encroachers.

The Innovation supports traditionally marginalised groups like the Batwa Pygmies, youth and women, it is interested in helping people get of poverty and be food secure, as well as enabling people to stay in harmony with nature and sustainably use the land resources they own for now and the future. It is different from “business-as-usual” practices because for the iniative to account success, it measures it from the beneficiary life transformation point of view. CIBIC on counts impact in the number of households eating a better meal per day or children going to school and families meeting basic needs of life as a result of her efforts. The Innovation though wants to make an economic progress for sustainability purposes but it re-invests her profits in the beneficiaries to improve their livelihoods. Investments in beneficiaries in this include, employing workers and providing them fair pay, providing trainings and extension services for free, seeds and farm tools on soft loans. The Initiative forms partnership with other organisations working in the area with similar programs and is open to new parteners wanting to form development partnerships. We do not want to dublicate other people efforts.


Nature Element

Forests / Wildlife

Type of Action

Protection / Sustainable use / Invasive species

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The initiative protects BINP a rainforests dating back over 25,000 years and containing almost 400 species of plants. More famously, this impenetrable forest also protects an estimated 480 mountain gorillas – roughly half of the world’s total population. The project partners with Uganda Wildlife Authority, Flora and Fauna International o train and support farmers in sustainable agribusiness. Batwa Pygmies and other indigenous people, who would otherwise be poachers, learn and use sustainable agribusiness.Our farmers who are busy in agricultural activities have forgone poaching and other illegal activities.

With our efforts over 70 poachers have reformed from poaching and protected areas encroachments acts. And other 630 local community Batwa, youth and women who would be poachers or indirect poachers have settled in sustainable farming as a business.

Sustainable Development Impacts

CIBIC stated way back in 2012 and has employed over 79 workers and gave out over 25 contracts to local populations. Creating jobs for individuals and families. CIBIC have been able to introduce organic farming in the community that helps people use land sustainable to produce health crops with no harm to human health. The Initiative is the centre of fresh food in ther heart of the community and a community tourism zone taking visitors into the heart of the community. About 25 children have been supported in schools as a result of this programme. The Initiative manages around 5 different projects in which farmers gain skills and support and implement such project on their lands.


Farmers get skills in to produce and when they harvest they are given market in their grocery. This initiative is supporting around 80000 people in the region through door to door supply system, on site purchases and indoor grocery arrangements.


There a need to expand the action to other areas with similar needs. We are still at one side of the national park and plans are that we will need to cover Bwindi and Mghinga conservation area then we can go to other national parks like Queen Elizabeth National Park. According to research, just like problems facing Bwindi national park also affects other conservation areas. Through the approach may be different but the concept will remain the same. We will seek for partnerships with conservation organisations in those areas and also do our own research to get better understanding of the problems in the area what their local needs are according priolities.


Replication plan will come from our future results from research. And also if it is by request from other partners or the government then CIBIC will be willing to replicate the actions in other places.

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