Creating a Model on Social Fencing in Local Conservation Area

August 7, 2017

Philippines Placeholder

Creating a Model on Social Fencing in Local Conservation Area

About the Implementing organization

Name: Centralized Farmers Association (CEFA)

Country: Philippines

Year of establishment: 2008

Type of organization: Community-based association or organization


The Solution is a biodiversity-enhancing initiative that strengthens the livelihood sustainability of the members of CEFA. As a social fence, the PO manage and protect the local conservation area, which is considered as a protected area by the DENR and the Local Government Unit (LGU). The Project involves the establishment of organized production and marketing system for abaca and other CBFM products while enhancing the biodiversity resources of the area. Fifty (50) hectares of abaca production areas were established adopting biodiversity- friendly technologies such as Agroforestry and SALT.
The Solution focuses on production of abaca within the buffer zone of the protected area so that forest-edge communities can have a sustainable source of income and veer them from illegal forest activities. In this way, a strong social fence is established that will protect the forest areas and the larger SINP area from further encroachment.

Nature Element


Type of Action

Protection / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing

Sustainable Development Element

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Climate action

Related Sustainable Development Goal(s)


Environmental Impacts

The Initiative has minimized the environmentally-destructive slash-and-burn (Kaingin system) method of farming. Instead of opening up forest lands for farming, CEFA members now practice permanent cropping. Thus, encroachment to forest areas were reduced. With the adoption of inter-cropping technique, soil erosion and water run-off are reduced.

Sustainable Development Impacts

Northern Samar is one of the top ten poorest provinces in the country. Its poverty incidence is 52% (NEDA 2016 Report). The reduction of poverty in Northern Samar remains a challenge. The Initiative seek to contribute to this challenge even in small way.
Nevertheless, the main sustainable impacts of the project is the conservation of biodiversity resources in the area by establishing sustainable livelihood activities through organized abaca production and marketing.


The Action can be scaled-up since abaca thrives in almost all areas not only in Northern Samar, but in Eastern Visayas Region and even in other areas at the national level. In fact, there is a need to scale up the Action to achieve ‘economies of scale’ and develop a robust abaca industry in Northern Samar that will benefit the various value chain actors specially the poor abaca farmers.
Based on the value chain study conducted by EVPRD, the total provincial production is only about 3,381,600 kg. or 3,381 metric tons per year. On the other hand, the Leyte-based demand for abaca fiber by the Specialty Paper Manufacturing, Inc. (SPMI) is 90 metric tons per day; Pulp Specialty Paper, Inc. (PSPI), 60 metric tons per day and Chrysler and Daimler, 5 metric tons per day, bringing an aggregated demand of 155 metric tons per day (PhilFIDA Provincial Situationer, 2016).


The Action is replicable in other areas in Northern Samar and the buffer zone of the SINP as well, and to other Regions at the national level. The intervention does not involve/require complex nor intricate management systems and designs. The strategies and techniques are doable and can be carried out by community-based organizations like CEFA and by other CSO’s (Civil Society Organizations). The transfer of technology can be facilitated through establishment of learning sites or demonstration farms. This can be complemented by cross-visits, learning exchange or lakbay-aral programs.

Share this solution:



Equator Blog

About Equator Initiative 

Contact Us

Follow Us: