About the Implementing organization
Name: Public Welfare Society Nepal (PWSN) (Jana Sewa Samaj Nepal in Nepali)
Year of establishment: 1991
Type of organization: Community-based association or organization, Legally recognized non-profit status, Community enterprise or business , Cooperative business, Women’s association or organization, Indigenous group or organization, Ethnic minority group or association
70 percent Nepali household use firewood traditional cooking stove.
Smokeless stove is innovative and different from the traditional stove because it is easy to construct. One can build it by three hours practical training.We can use all local materials to construct it such mud and stone which are easily available in all over Nepal.
This stove pull out the smokes produced while cooking. It saves people who have to suffer from diseases caused by smoke. Less disease is less expenses in health. Mostly women, who cook food in Nepalese community. Therefor it saves money too.
It is convenient to use. We can cook food in two pots in one time. It is like a gas stove. The fire and smoke could not go out of stove, so the pot do not get black. One who use this stove do not have to spend more time to clean the pot. Thus It saves time too. People can invest their saving in other business.
Smokeless stove consume fifty percent less firewood. It saves firewood means it saves forest. Not only this, but also saves time of collecting firewood of the people.
Type of Action
Protection / Sustainable use / Pollution prevention / clean up / Awareness and education
Sustainable Development Element
Disaster risk reduction / Health / Renewable energy / Climate action
Smokeless stoves consume 50 percent less firewood. Its direct impact can be seen in the forest. The vegetation in jungle has drastically increase in our community after we started this campaign. Our campaign was 'one house one smokeless stove'.There are more than thousand smokeless constructed in the initial one year.
A household consume about 3000 kgs of firewood per year. One mature tree can give 1000 kgs of firewood. One household saves one and half trees per year. We would say that we saved 1500 trees per year by this action. Thus smokeless stove directly contributes to environmental conversation.
Sustainable Development Impacts
Smokeless stove is easy to build using local materials. It requires a one time assembling. Maintenance is also easy because of using local materials. So, this stove itself is sustainable.
It saves time, health, money of people. They can use their surplus time to other income generation activities. This makes them to earn extra income. Therefore, smokeless stove contributes indirectly for whole community development.
The most important impact of this stove is environmental conversation. It saves forest, saving forest is saving from disaster such as landslide and saving wildlife as well. Consequently smokeless stove contribute to the sustainable development.
In Nepal, 70 percent households use traditional firewood stove for cooking. It means about 3.8 million household use traditional stove. If these household use smokeless stove, we can save almost 5.5 million tress per year.
People don't know about this stove. We can conduct awareness campaigns about the importance of Smokeless stove. When people know that it saves time, health, money and environment, they certainly ask how to build it. We can use media like FM radios,local news papers and TVs for awareness. Moreover, we con demonstrate in schools and village centers to make known them. We can train social leaders, teachers, students. Most importantly, we need to convince to the political leaders so that we can influence government policies.Thus, it could be expanded all over Nepal.
Smokeless stove is easy to replicate. It is necessary to use by all the households who are using the traditional firewood stove to preserve our forest.
It doesn't need technical persons. A literate person can easily build this when trained. The main thing is using of local materials to construct it which is available all over Nepal.
Nepal is going in restructuring process. The new structure will be more efficient local bodies. The local bodies will have more rights to govern itself. We can conduct orientation about this stove to the local leaders. Once they convinced, they could include this campaign in their annual plan and budget. Thus we can replicate it all over Nepal.
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