Conservaiton Compact A: Integrated Coastal Management to Improve Climate Change Adaptability and Reduce Emissions from Mangrove Forest Conversion
About the Implementing organization
Name: Yayasan Planet Indonesia
Year of establishment: 2012
Type of organization: Community-based association or organization, Legally recognized non-profit status, Women’s association or organization, Indigenous group or organization
This innovative project uses fish ecology and community-services to drive climate change adaptation and mitigation. Currently, over 2.6 billion people on earth rely on fisheries as a primary source of protein and economic income. Moreover, 97% of the world’s fisheries reside in developing countries. Area and time closures (ATCs or Temporary Marine Reserves/TMRs) is an effective management strategy for communities which rely on marine populations as a primary sustaining resource. Under this strategy small sections of coastal areas are temporary closed, allowing for fish stocks to replenish before opening for harvest once again. Utilizing ecological principles and the fast-rate-of-return of marine populations, our temporary closure system helps communities recognize the value of preserving coastal habitats that are necessary for marine population persistence. This management system is combined with a communal business group targeting over 200 fishermen. Through this group we also implement literacy training and family planning, and are developing a savings and loans program. Through this approach community members wishing to gain access to these services must agree to also follow the TMRs system. Our innovative approach provides incentives and rewards for adopting new conservation strategies and resource management plans.
Forests / Coasts
Type of Action
Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use
Sustainable Development Element
Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Disaster risk reduction / Climate action
The long-term outcome of TMRs is for communities to recognize the value of protecting coastal mangrove forest and developing a community-based system for harvesting marine resources. Ultimately, TMRs are positioned and designed to be the first step to incentivize villagers to permanently close and protect areas (community-based marine reserves/CBMRs) as they receive continued benefit from this integrated approach. With a rough estimate from previous research in the above ground biomass (note this does not take into account below ground storage), mangroves in West Borneo store about 300 Megagrammes of carbon per hectare (Mg/ha). For 5000 hectares of forests we will protect this equals 1,500,000,000 kilograms of carbon per hectare(Kg/ha). This is roughly equal to the emissions 316,850 passenger vehicles driven for one year or 168,786,867 gallons of gasoline. consumed (data from: EPA Carbon Sequestration Converter)
Sustainable Development Impacts
In tandem with creating TMRs this project will facilitate the setup of communal businesses for fishermen which will create economic incentives for responsible fishing and reduce the destruction of these highly threatened ecosystems. These business groups act as the platform for which we facilitate and implement the positioning and creation of these temporary closures. Because family members have access to savings and loans programs, skills mentoring, and benefits from the communal business group although our initial target is 200 business members based on average family size we estimate indirect beneficiaries to be well over 1250 individuals. These communal businesses are directly linked with sustainable development as they increase the community's income, reduce the costs of accessing markets and make the communities more self-reliant. Under the this model we invest in community developed reserves and protected areas to help communities protect forests and get out of poverty.
This model has already been shown to go to scale by a similar organization, Blue Ventures, in Africa. This communal business approach builds self-reliance in communities and creates economic safety nets through the savings and loans programs. Moreover, Area and Time Closures can be used in any coastal or marine ecosystem as it is based on the fast rate of return of marine and freshwater species. Planet Indonesia invests in communities heavily for a 3-5 year period to create these conservation compacts, but after that uses funds from donors to expand our project's reach. Planet Indonesia was developed to scale up this model as in many ways we are already past the pilot phase. Our model was first tested with indigenous women and the program grew from 25 to over 1500. Currently, that communal business group is completely separate from our organization and has reached full financial independence.
Our organization is currently in the process of testing our model against other issues. We have proven it as a model to preserve culture, promote indigenous women’s rights, and bring sustainable economic development to low-income communities. Our new programs will test its ability to create solutions in new sectors of work. We have already begun to show its flexibility, and because of this, our organization is proving this methods replicability. Other organizations’ can apply our communal green business model to issues that stem from human poverty. After the replicability of our model is proven we plan to scale-up, and apply our model to other areas of Southeast Asia.
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