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Enhanced livelihood of marginalized community through cultivation of Cash Crop in Reclaimed Land

Acerca de la organización ejecutora

Name: Human and National Development Society (HANDS)

Country: Nepal

Year of establishment: 2000

Type of organization: Non Government Organization


The project has been enhancing the livelihood of poor and marginalized community by encouraging them towards cultivation of cash crops like sweet potato, taro, ginger, banana, water melon and turmeric in 327.5 ha of reclaimed land. It is estimated that the project has saved more than 2228 ha of land through cost effective environmental friendly bio-engineering schemes benefiting 4012 families. Two private multi-purpose nurseries with 30000 seedlings has come under operation. These agro- forestry initiatives have assisted in controlling the land erosion and improving the greenery along the river bank. To boost the income of 1245 families, agro-forestry program in 643 ha private and public land is ongoing, owing to the availability of fodder and grass. Vegetable farming has become one of the most attractive schemes for generating alternative income in the project community. Apart from this, fishery, piggery and poultry farming programs in coordination with Heifer Nepal have empowered women’s group socially and economically. Intensive training to 35 apiculture farmers was also imparted under this project which linked apiculture farmers with ‘Youth Self-Employment Program’ for further support. Other income generating activities included production of women made handloom and exporting it to Japan. Each of the participating women in this scheme have earned USD 110 to 130 per month.

Elemento natural

Forests / Rivers / Grasslands / Drylands

Tipo de acción

Protection / Restoration / Sustainable use / Access and benefit sharing / Awareness and education / Advocacy for land & water rights

Elemento de desarrollo sostenible

Jobs and livelihoods / Food security / Water security / Disaster risk reduction / Renewable energy / Climate action

Objetivo(s) de Desarrollo Sostenible relacionado(s)


Impacto medioambiental

As the project revolves around forest ecosystem and riverbank conservation, several activities were launched to enhance the land quality and protect forest. Stewardship of local students and shepherd was enhanced through eco-club formation for sustainable management. Students spoke about the role of local people in NTFPs conservation, river bank protection and bioengineering work which was aired from local FM station. Shepherds were educated separately on sustainable forest products utilization through an efficient story telling approach. In order to convince the local people, two demo plots were established. NTFPs farming support by the initiative has improved lessened human wildlife conflict. In order to save the forest resources, improved cooking stoves were installed which reduced the 60% less fuelwood compared to pre-project scenario. The project collectively helped environmental conservation through riverbank protection and sustainable natural resource management.

Impacto en el desarrollo sostenible

The project has facilitated formation of CBOs like agro-forestry groups, animal husbandry groups, bio-engineering users group and cooperatives. All these CBOs have been providing institutional support ranging from training/orientation to stationery support like saving and credit ledger book. The project has strengthened Pushpanjali cooperatives providing the necessary input. HANDS Sindhuli has been gathered USD 32360 as co-funding from different agencies viz. Heifer Nepal (USD 12900), Poverty Alleviation Fund (USD 7540), Village Development Committee (USD 41200), District Agriculture Development Office (USD 35000) and District Livestock Service Office (USD 4300) for agro-forestry promotion, bio-engineering, seed support program and livelihood promotion. This co-funding is advantageous for fostering programmatic synergy and sustainability of project’s initiatives. With involvement of government line agencies, project initiated initiatives will continue from government’s fiscal budget.


Bio-engineering scheme has been strengthened by “People’s River Protection Scheme’ of Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention program. Local people are planning to mobilize local resources and continue the work, covering a longer stretch of the bank this year. To accomplish this task, Dudhauli municipal authorities have provided USD 2470 for the installation of 378 improved cooking stoves (ICSs). As ICSs produce negligible amount of smoke, the indoor air quality has improved and potential health hazard especially for housewives and children has averted. Meanwhile, in coordination with DDC Sindhuli and newly established Dudhauli Municipality, 210 Solar Home System have been installed in Mushahari tole of Ward 6 and 7 (40 Wp), which reduced 389.4 metric ton of CO2 annually. With the financial support of DDC Sindhuli, Dudhauli Municipality and technical assistance of Nilkamal Biogas Company, the installation of 26 biogas plants (each of 6 cubic meter) have materialized.


As the project approach and strategy was low cost, community driven and local resource based, project’s generated many good practices are already replicated in different part of the country. The riverbank protection work along the Kamala river is replicated by Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention in upstream of Kamala River and other similar river system in Nepal. Conservation of productive lands of marginalized Danuwar communities through making bamboo bhakari (bio-engineering practices) is widely replicated in the Kamala river basin as this technology safeguard the productive land along the riverbank. The plantation of fast growing trees and improved varieties of grass is being up-scaled by the neighboring communities of Sindhuli. The animal husbandry with improved shed is replicated by Heifer International in different districts of Nepal. The cultivation of climate resilient cash crops is up-scaled in Siraha and Dhanusha districts of Nepal.

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